Conflict analysis is a staple of practitioner communities – local and international, public and private – working in ‘fragile’ settings. Humanitarians, in particular, are increasingly discussing their roles in ‘protracted’ crises that defy the traditional logic of swiftly responding to an acute emergency.
Standard tools such as post-conflict and post-disaster needs assessments continue to be pursued, but with growing recognition of the limited applicability and pertinence of such (laborious) undertakings for making sense of rapidly evolving field dynamics. Overall, the linkages and institutional overlaps between humanitarian, development and peacebuilding practitioners operating in such environments remain poorly captured, as are organisational understandings of what conflict-sensitive programming entails.
Building on on-going collaboration between the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) and the Graduate Institute’s Centre on Conflict, Development and Peacebuilding (CCDP), this project seeks to develop a dynamic approach for the sustained generation and dissemination of robust yet flexible conflict-analysis techniques on the interface of humanitarian and peacebuilding concerns.
OCHA’s pilot ‘action learning initiative’ hosted by the CCDP in 2016 highlighted the inadequacies of standard conflict analyses (including context and stakeholder mappings) for effectively informing operational procedures, decision-making processes, and day-to-day interactions with affected populations and local communities, as well as with staff members, government representatives and partner organisations.
To fill this gap, the present project seeks to go beyond standard ‘solutions’ to pre-conceived ‘problems’, instead offering guiding questions and back-of-the-envelope analytical tools for field staff. These materials, based on the pedagogical study of how practitioners engage in ‘problem-solving’, will ultimately seek to provide a dynamic and variable set of tools in which multiple solutions can be derived to any particular problem that is encountered. The overarching goal of the project is to develop succinct materials for action learning.
This project currently enjoys the support of the UK Mission to the United Nations in Geneva of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) in the form of a one-year grant. Following field work in 2017 at OCHA’s Colombia head office in Bogotá, two further missions were conducted under the current project phase to Mindanao (Philippines) and to Bamako (Mali). These missions entailed an extensive document review of existing tools and practices, as well as a series of interviews and group discussions with partner organisations across the humanitarian, development and peacebuilding sectors.
These findings will feed into a comparative study and the development of an action learning workshop that will be piloted in March 2020.