An international city
In 1919, Geneva was chosen to house the League of Nation's headquarters. After 1945, Geneva became the European headquarters for the United Nations Office (UNOG), where 172 States are represented by permanent missions. Today, it hosts the headquarters of a large number of UN specialised agencies, other international institutions (such as the World Trade Organisation (WTO) and the European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN)) as well as the World Economic Forum.
Along with New York, Geneva is the world's most important conference centre, hosting over 170,000 people participating in 4,500 international meetings each year.
In addition, 14 Nobel Peace Prizes have been awarded to individuals or institutions from Geneva. The first was won in 1901 by Henry Dunant, founder of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), and the most recent was awarded to the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) in 2017.