Conflict, Dispute Settlement and Peacebuilding


Here are the research projects dealing with issues of Conflict, Dispute Settlement and Peacebuilding. You will also find the list of recent publications related to this cluster.

Aiding Resilience? The Impact of Foreign Assistance on the Dynamics of Intrastate Armed Conflict

Professor Ravi Bhavnani, funded by the US Department of Defense’s MINERVA Initiative. September 2014–2018.
This research addresses the link between security and development, in particular, whether foreign assistance affects resilience to intrastate armed conflict – and if so, where, when, and how? Its design constructively combines cross-national, sub-national and micro-level empirical analysis. The results will be integrated into simulations using computational modelling to further probe aid-conflict dynamics and “what-if” counterfactuals.
More information >

Coherence or Contestation: Chinese, Japanese and Russian Approaches to the Transformation of Peacebuilding Practices

Keith Krause and Oliver Jütersonke, funded by SNSF. October 2018–September 2021.
Peacebuilding scholarship, which is predominantly Anglophone and ideologically embedded in the “liberal peace” paradigm, pays little attention to peacebuilding practices undertaken by non-Western countries. This project seeks to critically compare and contrast the normative and practical underpinnings of what we call the global peacebuilding order by focusing specifically on China, Japan and Russia.
SNSF page >

Conflict Culture Research Network

Professor Ravi Bhavnani, with Brian Daniels, Paul Huth, David Backer and Marc-Andre Renold, funded by NSF for initial project implementation. January 2016–December 2020.
Why is cultural heritage targeted in conflict? Despite the significant research efforts that study the causes of war and violations of civil and political rights, the question has been given little consideration – hence the reason for this project.
More information >

Curbing Illicit Financial Flows from Resource-rich Developing Countries: Improving Natural Resource Governance to Finance the SDGs

Professor Gilles Carbonnier, Fritz Brugger, Elisabeth Bürgi Bonanomi, Fred Dzanku and Sthabandith Insisienmay, funded by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) and the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) within their joint Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development (r4d Programme). 1 September 2017–31 August 2023.
This project, conducted in the framework of a North-South research partnership, seeks to improve our collective knowledge and understanding of commodity trade-related illicit financial flows, and to design and promote ways to effectively address this under-researched phenomenon both from a scientific and policy perspective.
More information >

Gangs, Gangsters, and Ganglands: Towards a Comparative Global Ethnography (GANGS)

Dennis Rodgers and Steffen Jensen, ERC Advanced Grant, January 2019–December 2023. 
This project aims to systematically compare gang dynamics in Nicaragua, South Africa, and France in order to better understand why gangs emerge, how they evolve over time, whether they are associated with particular urban configurations, how and why individuals join gangs, and what impact this has on their potential futures.
Interview with Professor Rodgers >
CCDP page >

Garrison State Project

Professor David Sylvan, funded by SNSF. August 2015–July 2019. 
In democracies, why are debates among political elites far more consensual on national security issues than on other subjects? What is the significance of the fact that, precisely in democracies, state bureaucracies concerned with security issues have continued to grow in size and in scope? And what are the potential risks of these phenomena for democracy itself? Such are some of the questions addressed in this research project.
More information >

The Gender Dimensions of Social Conflicts, Armed Violence and Peacebuilding

Professor Elisabeth Prügl, Christelle Rigual, Rahel Kunz, Wening Udasmoro, Arifah Rahmawati, Joy Onyesoh and Mimidoo Achakpa, funded by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) and the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) within their joint Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development (r4d Programme). February 2014–January 2020.
Quantitative research has demonstrated a strong correlation between levels of gender inequality and violent conflict, suggesting that women’s subordination and vulnerability is a significant predictor of armed violence. The project combines approaches from gender studies and conflict research to unravel the mechanisms that produce this correlation.
More information >

Improving the Protection of Persons with Disabilities during Armed Conflict

Professor Andrew Clapham, funded by SNIS. September 2016–May 2019.
Undertaken in partnership with Handicap International, the Institute for Biomedical Ethics at the University of Basel, Psychiatric University Clinics Basel and the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of persons with disabilities, this project aims to ensure better protection of and assistance to persons with disabilities in situations of armed conflict or its aftermath by identifying legal obligations to protect and assist persons with disabilities during conflict, and the policies and practices required to put these obligations into effect.
More information >
SNIS page >

Modelling Early Risk Indicators to Anticipate Malnutrition (MERIAM)

Professor Ravi Bhavnani, with Shannon Doocy and David Backer, funded by the Department for International Development (DFID) of the United Kindgom. February 2017–January 2020.
This project aims  to identify, test and scale up cost-effective means to improve the prediction and monitoring of undernutrition in difficult contexts, in such a way that it enables an effective response to manage and mitigate nutritional risk.
More information >

The Myth of Homogeneity: Minority Protection and Assimilation in Western Europe, 1919–1939

Professor Davide Rodogno and Dr Emmanuel Dalle Mulle, with PhD candidate Mona Bieling, funded by SNSF. September 2017–August 2020.
This project aims at inquiring the relationship between national minorities and majorities in Western Europe during the interwar years in a comparative international and transnational perspective.
Related news >
SNSF page >

Transparency: Qualities and Technologies of Global Gemstone Trading

Assistant Professor Filipe Calvão, with Lindsay Bell (State University of New York, Oswego) and Brian Brazeal (California State University, Chico), funded by SNSF and hosted at the Centre on Conflict, Development and Peacebuilding in collaboration with the Albert Hirschman Centre on Democracy. September 2017–August 2020.
This project aims to interrogate the construction and public perception of transparency by examining the recent efforts of the extractive industry toward transparency and the growing demand for “ethical” gemstones. 
More information >

Violence Prevention (VIPRE) Initiative

Professor Keith Krause with Professor Riccardo Bocco, Professor Anna Leander and Jonathan Luke Austin, funded by SNSF (Sinergia). April 2017–March 2021.
This project explores novel approaches to preventing state-led political violence. It suggests that it is possible to prevent political violence in a similar way to that by which we prevent, or minimise the damage caused by, public health problems like traffic accidents or smoking. Efforts to prevent these problems focus on reducing or mitigating risk in an indirect or “non-causal” fashion. The VIPRE Initiative investigates the possibility of constructing similar indirect modes of prevention vis-à-vis political violence by drawing on interdisciplinary insights from organisation studies, the micro-sociological study of violence and International Political Sociology.
More information >