150x225 Oxford Research Enclyclopedias.png   "Conceptualizing Militias in Africa"
Forthcoming 2019

Rebecca Tapscott

Oxford Encyclopedia of African Politics. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acrefore/9780190228637.013.834.

How can citizens hold a powerful executive accountable? The power of the street—and the threat of large-scale violence that threaten the executive's control—has historically complemented the power of the ballot box. This paper turns to the role of non-state armed groups—commonly referred to as “militias”—in an attempt to disentangle what militias are and what role they play in stabilising or destabilising the state in Africa. It considers the wide-ranging definitions of militias, including debates about whether they are state or non-state, and whether they help organize society or pose a threat to political order.
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“Social change and democratic forms: revisiting the contribution of the francophone literature on Development Studies”,
Forthcoming January 2019

Christine Lutringer

Building Development Studies for the New Millennium. Baud, I., Basile, E. Kontinen, T., von Itter, S. (eds.) Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Adopting a long-term perspective, this book chapter analyses the specific contribution to development studies of the Francophone literature. It does so from a particular theme, asking how reflections on democracy and social change are framed by Francophone scholars. In fact it suggests that this has been an important research topic since the forging of francophone development studies and that it leads to a range of original contributions in the contemporary period.

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How ‘demos’ met ‘cracy’: debt, inequality, money

Andreas Antoniades and Ugo Panizza

Third World Thematics: A TWQ Journal, 2:6, 727-743, DOI: 10.1080/23802014.2018.1490628

The recurrence of ever more destructive economic crises and patterns of pervasive indebtedness and inequality threaten the social fabric of our societies. Our main responses to these trends have been partial, focusing on symptoms rather than causes, often exacerbating rather than improving the underlying socio-economic dynamics. To reflect on these conditions and on ‘what needs to be done’ this article turns to a similar socio-economic malaise faced by the city-state of Athens in the 6th century BC.


"Violence et religion en Afrique"

Jean-François Bayart

Paris: Karthala

Le chassé-croisé de la violence et de la religion doit être analysé au cas par cas, à l’échelle des terroirs historiques. Aux antipodes des généralisations idéologiques apparaît alors un objet sociologique très circonscrit : des mouvements armés d’orientation religieuse qui participent d’obédiences diverses, aussi bien islamiques que chrétiennes, conduisent des insurrections sociales, mais occupent une place marginale dans les interactions entre Dieu et César. Au fil de cette réflexion, c’est toute l’histoire de l’état en Afrique qui apparaît sous un jour nouveau.

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"International Adjudication, Rhetoric and Storytelling"

Andrea Bianchi

Journal of International Dispute Settlement, 9(1): 28–44.

Legal professionals involved in dispute settlement might greatly benefit from taking a look at literature and learning more about storytelling and rhetoric. These techniques can provide legal arguments with enhanced persuasive force. Unlike in literature, storytelling in law is almost exclusively used as a way of structuring legal arguments, of making them more convincing in order to persuade whatever audience the speaker may address.

150x225 The Oxford Handbook of Governance and limited Statehood.jpg   "Anthropological perspectives on the limits of the state"

Andrew Brandel and Shalini Randeria

The Oxford Handbook of Governance and Limited Statehood. Risse, Thomas, Börzel, Tanja A. and Draude, Anke (Eds). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

This chapter maps the intersections and the differences between the newley formulated conceptions of limited statehood and recent anthropological scholarship on the state, both of which mark a departure from the traditional political scientific understandings of statehood and state power.

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“Power Rules: The World Bank, Rule of Law Reform, and the World Development Report 2017”

Deval Desai

Handbook on the Rule of Law (2018), 217- 234 (Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar), May, C., and Winchester, A (eds.)

In recent years, development actors have pursued open markets and a robust administrative or executive state in the global South, thereby eroding democratic accountability. Markets and administrative bodies are held accountable not through the ballot box but through the rule of law, or effective enforcement of bargains along with checks on arbitrary power. What might it look like in the global South in the coming years? This paper argues that the World Bank’s World Development Report 2017 demonstrates a new vision of the rule of law as a vehicle for public voice, and explores its institutional implications.

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“Ignorance/power: rule of law reform and the institutionalization of ignorance in global governance”

Deval Desai

Research Handbook on the Sociology of International Law, 151- 188 (Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar), Hirsch, M., and Lang, A. (eds.)

What is the rule of law, and how can we build it? In light of the expansion of the administrative state and transnational markets in the global South, the answer to this question is central to public participation in Southern governance processes. In this paper, I argue that, as a matter of practice, rule of law reformers themselves assert that this question is unanswerable. Using case studies and reflections from practice, I focus on the effects of this professional attitude on local rule of law institutions, finding that they become provisional and less participatory as a result.

150x225 - Exclusion...jpg   “Exclusion as a liberal imperative: Culture, gender and the orientalisation of migration”

Evangelos Karagiannisand and Shalini Randeria

Migration: Changing Concepts, Critical Approaches. Bachmann-Medick, Doris, Kugele, Jens (Eds), Berlin: De Gruyter

This chapter revisits some established analytical categories in the study of migration. Drawing from cultural anthropology and sociology, it explores the complex scholarly and popular notions of migration with particular focus on their often unspoken assumptions and political implications.

150x225 - Assembling Exclusive Expertise.jpg   "Assembling Exclusive Expertise: Knowledge, Ignorance and Conflict Resolution in the Global South"

Anna Leander and Ole Waever

Ole (eds), London: Routledge

This book looks at the worlding of the Global South in the process of assembling conflict resolution expertise. Expertise shapes how conflicts in the Global South are understood and consequently dealt with. Yet, expertise is always and necessarily exclusive. This volume explores how this exclusive expertise is assembled and in what ways it is therefore knowledgeable and ignorant of knowledges in/of the Global South.
150x220 AJCS - G. Mallard-1.jpg   From Europe’s past to the Middle East’s future: The constitutive purpose of forward analogies in international security

Grégoire Mallard

American Journal of Cultural Sociology, 6: 532.

Why do international security experts and policymakers draw analogies between various contexts? Do they use analogies to help them better predict the future consequences of their actions? Or do they employ analogies for other purposes? By highlighting the cultural embeddedness of forward analogies, this article draws upon developments in cultural sociology to advance the burgeoning literature on future-oriented practices in international relations.
150x225 - Homo Itinerans.jpg   "Homo Itinerans. La planète des Afghans"

Alessandro Monsutti

Paris: Presses Universitaires de France

La société afghane a été marquée de façon durable par la guerre et l’exode d’une partie de sa population, mais également par la présence d’une myriade d’organisations non gouvernementales et de forces armées provenant de nombreux pays du globe. Ces mobilités multiples, qui s’entrecroisent sans se confondre, expriment par leurs différences mêmes les relations de pouvoir et les inégalités globales.
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“The rise and fall of pan-arabism”

Mohammad-Mahmoud Ould Mohamedou

Routledge Handbook of South-South Relations, London: Routledge

Exploring the context and the models of South-south cooperation, this chapter focuses on the history, principles and practices of pan-arabism. It discusses regional groupings such as the League of Arab States, which was built upon pan-arabism as a discourse and as a practice.

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Technocrats’ Compromises: Defining Race and the Struggle for Equality in Brazil, 1970–2010

Brenna Marea Powell and Graziella Moraes Silva

J. Lat. Amer. Stud., 50 :1, 87-115

This article focuses on census policy-making by analysing the decision-making processes behind the apparent stability of Brazilian racial categories within a context of multiple changes in racial politics and policies over the last four decades. It develops the concept of technocratic compromise to capture census officials’ decision-making process and underscore its importance to explaining census policy outcomes.

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 “Les Yeux de Chavez. Populisme et post-vérité”

Rafael Sanchez

Revue Les Temps Modernes (n° 697), Gallimard

Le mépris pour les “faits” est révélateur de la logique de gouvernement inhérente au type de populisme que représente le chavisme. L’effondrement de la représentation politique — et non quelque contrôle “démocratique” de la majorité — est l’élément clé à prendre en compte à l’heure d’appréhender la signification, la logique intrinsèque et le dynamisme propres aux mouvements, organisations, gouvernements populistes qui, ces derniers temps, ont émergé au niveau mondial.


"There Was A Third Man…": Tales from a Global Policy Consultation on Indicators for the Sustainable Development Goals

Deval Desai and Mareike Schomerus

Development and Change, 49(1): 89−115

The rule of law is enshrined as one of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) - a cause for celebration for those who believe that deepening the rule of law in the South will inevitably lead to political progress and strengthened global democracy. Using an ethnographic case study of an indicator development workshop, this paper argues that the rule of law was not and cannot be translated into an outcome-oriented set of indicators. Those celebrating should look to the politics of implementation of the indicators before proclaiming that the rule of law is on the rise.
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"Policing men: militarised masculinity, youth livelihoods, and security in conflict-affected northern Uganda"

Rebecca Tapscott

Disasters, 42(S1): S119−S139

How can ordinary citizens hold the executive state democratically accountable? This problem is particularly pronounced in electoral authoritarian regimes. Studying the case of Uganda, this paper explores how masculinity is key in preventing young men from opposing the ruling regime whether in the streets or at the ballot box. Through resource allocation and violent interventions, the Ugandan state shapes young men’s gendered identities to be inferior to state authorities and reliant on state largess, helping explain why under-employed male youth continue to support the regime rather than use civic or violent means to hold authorities to account.


"Sustainable Food Consumption, Urban Waste Management and Civic Activism: Lessons from Bangalore/Bengaluru, India"

Edited by Christine Lutringer and Shalini Randeria

The special issue explores new forms of civic activism and citizen participation in policy-making by focusing on sustainable food consumption and urban waste management in Bangalore. It suggests that the role of urban middle classes as consumers and as citizens is key to understanding urban environmental governance in India, which in turn offers lessons for the global South.

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"A Theory of ISIS: Political Violence and the Transformation of the Global Order."

Mohammad-Mahmoud Ould Mohamedou

London: Pluto Press

In the course of a few years, the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria—more commonly known as ISIS—has become classified as the most dangerous terrorist organization in the world. It is the subject of intense Western scrutiny, demonized by all, and shrouded in numerous myths and narratives.


"Global Challenges n°2"

From the Albert Hirschman Centre on Democracy Jean-François Bayart, Christine Lutringer, Mohammad-Mahmoud Ould Mohamedou, Shalini Randeria, Rafael Sánchez, David Sylvan and Rebecca Tapscott contribute to the second issue of Global Challenges that discusses “Democracy at Risk”.


"Democratisation in the 21st Century"
Reviving Transitology

Edited by Mohammad-Mahmoud Ould Mohamedou, Timothy D. Sisk

The 2010’s was a critical period in the continuing, established trend of the spread of democracy worldwide: from the Arab Spring countries of Tunisia, Libya, Egypt and Yemen to the unfolding turmoil of Myanmar and Ukraine, by way of the upheavals in Burkina Faso, Senegal and Ivory Coast, social mobilisation against autocratic, corrupt, or military regimes has precipitated political transitions that are characteristic of "democratisation."


"Voting Intentions in Africa: Ethnic, Economic or Partisan?"

Ravi Bhavnani (with M.Bratton and T. Chen)

In N. Cheeseman (ed.) African Politics: Critical Concepts in Political Science, Routledge

This paper offers a first comprehensive account of popular voting intentions in Africa's new electoral democracies. With reference to aggregate and survey data from 16 countries, this paper shows that competitive elections in Africa are more than mere ethnic censuses or simple economic referenda. Instead, Africans engage in both ethnic and economic voting. Not surprisingly, people who belong to the ethnic group in power intend to support the ruling party, in contrast to those who feel a sense of discrimination against their cultural group.


"Dancing Jacobins"
A Venezuelan Genealogy of Latin American Populism

Rafael Sánchez

Since independence from Spain, a trope has remained pervasive in Latin America’s republican imaginary: that of an endless antagonism pitting civilization against barbarism as irreconcilable poles within which a nation’s life unfolds. This book apprehends that trope not just as the phantasmatic projection of postcolonial elites fearful of the popular sectors but also as a symptom of a stubborn historical predicament: the cyclical insistence with which the subaltern populations menacingly return to the nation’s public spaces in the form of crowds.


"Democracy, education and the quality of government"

Ugo Panizza

The Journal of Economic Growth serves as the principal outlet for theoretical as well as empirical research in economic growth and dynamic macroeconomics. The journal publishes high quality research examining neoclassical and endogenous growth models, growth and income distribution, human capital, fertility, trade, development, migration, money, the political economy, endogenous technological change, overlapping-generations models, and economic fluctuations.


"Politics of the Urban Poor: Aesthetics, Ethics, Volatility, Precarity"
Current Anthropology

Shalini Randeria (with Veena Das)

Vol. 56, No. S11, October 2015, pp. S3–S14. 

Based on longitudinal ethnographic work, the authors of this special issue on the politics of the urban poor examine how regional events as well as scholarly traditions in these places have influenced the way the categories of the urban poor and of politics have emerged in both scholarly and public discourse. As the discussions that follow make clear, the relation between urban processes and city forms is a volatile one, and this volatility in turn has a decisive effect on how the poor emerge as political actors.