CCDP Working Paper Series

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Décentraliser dans la Tunisie post-autoritaire: L’émergence d’un pouvoir local face aux limites imposées par le consensus sécuritaire

Author: Souhail Belhadj

Details: CCDP Working Paper Number 13

Abstract: In the wake of the 2011 popular uprisings that led to the demise of the Ben Ali regime, decentralization came to be seen as a key element of overcoming Tunisia’s authoritarian legacy. Yet the euphoria of the so-called “Arab Spring” has not led to the political transformation anticipated. While Tunisia’s new Constitution of 2014 foresees a wide-reaching devolution of power to the local level, the mutually reinforcing dynamics between chronic insecurity and the maintenance of the (centralized) state apparatus has curtailed attempts to establish genuine political representation and accountable institutions – in the security sector and beyond.

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Natural Resource Governance in Hybrid Political Orders: The Cases of North-Kivu and Katanga

Author: Lara Atanasijevic

Details: CCDP Working Paper Number 12

Abstract: This Working Paper investigates the modalities of natural resource governance in so-called “hybrid political orders,” where the state is not necessarily the only wielder of security, welfare, and representation while overlapping claims to legitimacy and the ownership/management of economic resources exist. It distills new insights on de facto natural resource governance in North-Kivu and Katanga, two provinces of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

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Private Military and Security Companies: Industry-Led Self-Regulatory Initiatives versus State-Led Containment Strategy

Author: Raymond Saner

Details: CCDP Working Paper Number 11

Abstract: The Working Paper focuses on recent self-regulatory guidelines that have been created by private military and security companies (PMSCs) in order to deter calls for stricter regulations of the industry. This “battle of influence” over the regulation of the use of force, the author contends, leads to rising tensions between stakeholders who form coalitions consisting of states, PMSCs, and civil society actors on either side of the regulation cleavage. The paper calls for new measures that continue to build on IHL and the Geneva Conventions, but that go beyond the current regulatory positions of existing international initiatives.

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An Institutional History of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE)

Author: Joanne Richards

Details: CCDP Working Paper Number 10

Abstract: This paper investigates the institutional history of the LTTE (also known as the Tamil Tigers) and provides a factual account of its evolution during the Sri Lankan Civil War. The project focuses on the military as well as the political wings of the LTTE, both in Sri Lanka and abroad, from its creation in 1976 up until its defeat in 2009. Controversies over the Sri Lankan Civil War continue unabated today with many accounts of the LTTE providing a biased perspective of past events. This paper seeks to straddle these controversies by cautiously basing itself on information gathered across diverging sources. 

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Role and Governance of Islamic Charitable Institutions: Gaza Zakat Organizations (1973-2011) in the Local Context

Author: Emanuel Schaeublin

Details: CCDP Working Paper Number 9

Abstract: The paper analyzes institutionalized zakat practices in the Gaza Strip from 1973 to 2011 and complements a previous working paper on the West Bank. This Working Paper argues that prior to 2007 the zakat sector in the Gaza Strip was successful in effectively serving local communities thanks to a decentralized system of governance that allowed for a certain degree of local autonomy. However, research shows that the system was compromised by the intervention of political networks, the Palestinian security apparatuses, and the Israeli occupation. As a consequence, the effectiveness of zakat-based relief activities in the Occupied Palestinian Territories has been severely diminished since 2007. In 2011, the political situation continued to be detrimental to an efficient and transparent zakat sector able to enhance local communities.

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Oil, Gas and Minerals: The Impact of Resource-Dependence and Governance on Sustainable Development

Authors: Gilles Carbonnier, Fritz Brugger and Natascha Wagner

Details: CCDP Working Paper Number 8

Abstract: This Working Paper takes adjusted net savings (ANS) as an indicator of weak sustainability in order to examine the link between resource dependence and sustainable development. The results highlight a negative relationship between natural resource extraction and ANS but indicate that this is not inevitable. Effective checks on the power of the executive appears to be critical for sustainable outcomes. Moreover, effective legislative chambers, an independent judiciary and broad acceptance of established institutions all have a positive impact on ANS per capita. The results further confirm that armed conflict and armed violence as measured by homicide rate have a negative impact on ANS.

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A Review of Practices and Expert Opinions: Linking Humanitarian Action and Peacebuilding

Author: Masayo Kondo Rossier

Details: CCDP Working Paper Number 7

Abstract: Written by Masayo Kondo Rossier during her four-month UN Sabbatical Leave Programme, this CCDP Working Paper considers the actual and potential linkages between humanitarian action and peacebuilding. It examines synergies through a comparative review of the practices and policy approaches of both fields. On the basis of extensive survey questions with specialists in both areas, the Working Paper seeks to demonstrate practical ways in which humanitarian action can contribute to sustainable peacebuilding.

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Grasping the Strengths of Fragile States: Aid Effectiveness Between 'Top-Down' and 'Bottom-Up' Statebuilding

Author: Achim Wennmann

Details: CCDP Working Paper Number 6

Abstract: This Working Paper reviews various strands of literature on development assistance in fragile states, with the aim of identifying research streams supporting initiatives on aid effectiveness. The first part reviews the evolution of policy concerns with fragile states and introduces the objectives and dilemmas of major aid effectiveness instruments. The second part charts various research streams on fragile states, including the various definitions and rankings of state fragility, historical perspectives on state formation, functionalist approaches to governance in developing countries, case study contributions, and finally sub-state governance arrangements as alternatives to ‘the state’. The third part distils options for future research and emphasises the policy opportunities deriving from the notion of ‘bottom-up’ statebuilding.

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Role and Governance of Islamic Charitable Institutions: The West Bank Zakat Committees (1977-2009) in the Local Context

Author: Emanuel Schaeublin

Details: CCDP Working Paper Number 5

Abstract: This publication contextualizes the religious and humanitarian aspects of zakat committees as well as their governance since the 1970s. It enquires into the politicization of the West Bank zakat committees' roles and their dissolution and radical reorganization implemented by the emergency cabinet heading the Palestinian Authority since 2007. An allegation against the zakat committees, used to justify the reorganization, was that their work had entailed political benefits for the opposition in general and Hamas in particular. The Working Paper draws on interviews with local actors and published research to argue for a more nuanced interpretation of the role of zakat committees within Palestinian society.

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CCDP Working Paper Number 4
Summary of Results for a Comparative Research Project: Civil Society and Peacebuilding

Author: Thania Paffenholz

Details: CCDP Working Paper Number 4

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CCDP Working Paper Number 3
Managing the Economic Dimensions of Peace Processes: Resource Wealth, Autonomy, and Peace in Aceh

Author(s): Achim Wennmann and Jana Krause

Details: CCDP Working Paper Number 3

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CCDP Working Paper Number 2
Economic Issues in Peace Processes: Socio-Economic Inequalities and Peace in Nepal

Author(s): Achim Wennmann

Details: CCDP Working Paper Number 2

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CCDP Working Paper Number 1
Wealth Sharing Beyond 2011: Economic Issues in Sudan's North-South Peace Process

Author(s): Achim Wennmann

Details: CCDP Working Paper Number 1

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