CCDP Routledge Series

The Routledge Studies in Conflict, Development and Peacebuilding Series is edited by CCDP's Keith Krause, Oliver Jütersonke, and Riccardo Bocco.  For more information about the series, please read the Routledge flyer or visit the Routledge website.

Please note that not all books in this series are products of CCDP projects. As a consequence, the series welcomes proposals, both edited volumes and monographs, on related issues.

Exploring Peace Formation
Security and Justice in Post-Colonial States

Edited by: Kwesi Aning, M Anne Brown, Volker Boege, Charles T Hunt, Conflict, Development and Peacebuilding Series, Routledge, 2018

Details: This volume examines the dynamics of socio-political order in post-colonial states across the Pacific Islands region and West Africa in order to elaborate on the processes and practices of peace formation.

Drawing on field research and engaging with post-liberal conceptualisations of peacebuilding, this book investigates the interaction of a variety of actors and institutions involved in the provision of peace, security and justice in post-colonial states. The chapters analyse how different types of actors and institutions involved in peace formation engage in and are interpenetrated by a host of relations in the local arena, making ‘the local’ contested ground on which different discourses and praxes of peace, security and justice coexist and overlap. In the course of interactions, new and different forms of socio-political order emerge which are far from being captured through the familiar notions of a liberal peace and a Weberian ideal-type state. Rather, this volume investigates how (dis)order emerges as a result of interdependence among agents, thus laying open the fundamentally relational character of peace formation. This innovative relational, liminal and integrative understanding of peace formation has far-reaching consequences for internationally supported peacebuilding.

This book will be of much interest to students of statebuilding, peace studies, security studies, governance, development and IR.

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Peacebuilding and Spatial Transformation
Peace, Space and Place

Author: Annika Bjorkdahl, Stefanie Kappler, Foreword by Johan Galtung, Conflict, Development and Peacebuilding Series, Routledge, 2017

Details: This book investigates peacebuilding in post-conflict scenarios by analysing the link between peace, space and place.

By focusing on the case studies of Cyprus, Kosovo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Northern Ireland and South Africa, the book provides a spatial reading of agency in peacebuilding contexts. It conceptualises peacebuilding agency in post-conflict landscapes as situated between place (material locality) and space (the imaginary counterpart of place), analysing the ways in which peacebuilding agency can be read as a spatial practice. Investigating a number of post-conflict cases, this book outlines infrastructures of power and agency as they are manifested in spatial practice. It demonstrates how spatial agency can take the form of conflict and exclusion on the one hand, but also of transformation towards peace over time on the other hand. Against this background, the book argues that agency drives place-making and space-making processes. Therefore, transformative processes in post-conflict societies can be understood as materialising through the active use and transformation of space and place.

This book will be of interest to students of peacebuilding, peace and conflict studies, human geography and IR in general.

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Institutional Reforms and Peacebuilding
Change, Path-Dependency and Societal Divisions in Post-War Communities

Authors: Nadine Ansorg, Sabine Kurtenbach, Conflict, Development and Peacebuilding Series, Routledge, 2016

Details: This book deals with the question how institutional reform can contribute to peacebuilding in post-war and divided societies.

In the context of armed conflict and widespread violence, two important questions shape political agendas inside and outside the affected societies: How can we stop the violence? And how can we prevent its recurrence? Comprehensive negotiated war terminations and peace accords recommend a set of mechanisms to bring an end to war and establish peace, including institutional reforms that promote democratization and state building. Although the role of institutions is widely recognized, their specific effects are highly contested in research as well as in practice. This book highlights the necessity to include path-dependency, pre-conflict institutions and societal divisions to understand the patterns of institutional change in post-war societies and the ongoing risk of civil war recurrence. It focuses on the general question of how institutional reform contributes to the establishment of peace in post-war societies. This book comprises three separate but interrelated parts on the relation between institutions and societal divisions, on institutional reform and on security sector reform. The chapters contribute to the understanding of the relationship between societal cleavages, pre-conflict institutions, path dependency, and institutional reform.

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Local Ownership in International Peacebuilding
Key Theoretical and Practical Issues

Author: Sung Yong Lee and Alpaslan Özerdem, Conflict, Development and Peacebuilding Series, Routledge, 2015

Details: This edited volume empirically examines key theoretical and practical issues relevant to the promotion of local ownership in contemporary international peacebuilding.

This book attempts to provide comprehensive understanding of the issue of local ownership in international peacebuilding. By providing an empirical analysis of nine case studies, the volume aims to supplement contemporary academic discussions on local ownership, which have thus far mainly focused on its normative or theoretical dimensions. The case studies included here examine the peace operations in a wide range of countries - Afghanistan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Cambodia, Cyprus, Kenya, Uganda, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, and Sri Lanka. The book seeks to address the weaknesses of conventional studies by:,empirical review of the achievements and limitations of previous attempts to promote local ownership; examination of the key concepts of local ownership; and analysis of structural and practical challenges. The volume concludes by presenting practical proposals for addressing the limitations of contemporary local ownership promotion. Through these means, the book aims to explore a key research question from both theoretical and empirical perspectives: How can international peacebuilding facilitate effective, active local community participation?

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Peacebuilding and Ex-Combatants
Political Reintegration in Liberia

Author: Johanna Söderström, Conflict, Development and Peacebuilding Series, Routledge, 2015

Details: This book examines how ex-combatants in post-war and peacebuilding settings engage in politics, as seen in the case of Liberia.

By looking at the political attitudes and values of former combatants, and their understanding of how politics functions, the book sheds new light on the political reintegration of ex-combatants. It argues that political reintegration needs to be given serious attention at the micro-level, but also needs to be scrutinized in two ways: first, through the level of political involvement, which reflects the extent and width of the ex-combatants' voice. Second, in order to make sense of political reintegration, we also need to uncover what values and norms inform their political involvement. Based on interviews with over 100 Liberian ex-combatants, the book highlights that their relationship with politics overall should be characterized as an expression of a 'politics of affection'.

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An Ethnographic Approach to Peacebuilding
Understanding Local Experiences in Transitional States

Author: Gearoid Millar, Conflict, Development and Peacebuilding Series, Routledge, 2014

Details: This book aims to outline and promote an ethnographic approach to evaluating international peacebuilding interventions in transitional states. It argues that doing so demands an understanding of the local and culturally variable context of intervention.

Throughout the book, the author draws on real world examples from extensive fieldwork in Sierra Leone to argue that local experiences should be considered the primary measure of a peacebuilding project's success. An ethnographic approach recognizes diversity in conceptions of peace, justice, development and reconciliation and takes local approaches and local critiques seriously. It can help to empower local actors, hold the international peacebuilding industry accountable to its supposed beneficiaries, and challenge the Western centric ideas of what peace entails and how peacebuilding is achieved.

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Controlling Small Arms
Consolidation, innovation and relevance in research and policy

Edited by: Peter Batchelor; Kai Michael Kenkel, Conflict, Development and Peacebuilding Series, Routledge, 2013

Details: This edited volume takes stock of the state of research and policy on the issue of Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW), ten years after the UN first agreed to deal with the problem.
In addition to providing a detailed telling of the genesis and evolution of SALW research and advocacy, the volume features a series of essays from leading scholars in the field on both advances in research and action on SALW. It reflects on what has been achieved in terms of cumulative advances in data, methodology and analysis, and looks at the ways in which these developments have helped to inform policy making at national, regional and international levels. Alongside situating and integrating past and present advances in advocacy and international action, Controlling Small Arms also outlines future directions for research and action.

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Peacebuilding and Local Ownership
Post-Conflict Consensus-Building

Author: Timothy Donais, Conflict, Development and Peacebuilding Series, Routledge, 2013

Details: This book explores the meaning of local ownership in peacebuilding and examines the ways in which it has been, and could be, operationalized in post-conflict environments.
In the context of post-conflict peacebuilding, the idea of local ownership is based upon the premise that no peace process is sustainable in the absence of a meaningful degree of local involvement. Despite growing recognition of the importance of local ownership, however, relatively little attention has been paid to specifying what precisely the concept means or how it might be implemented.
This volume contributes to the ongoing debate on the future of liberal peacebuilding through a critical investigation of the notion of local ownership, and challenges conventional assumptions about who the relevant locals are and what they are expected to own. Drawing on case studies from Bosnia, Afghanistan and Haiti, the text argues that local ownership can only be fostered through a long-term consensus-building process, which involves all levels of the conflict-affected society.

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Local and Global Dynamics of Peacebuilding
Postconflict reconstruction in Sierra Leone

Author: Christine Cubitt, Conflict, Development and Peacebuilding Series, Routledge, 2013

Details: Local and Global Dynamics of Peacebuilding examines the complex contributing factors which led to war and state collapse in Sierra Leone, and the international peacebuilding and statebuilding operations which followed the cessation of the violence. This book presents nuanced and contextually specific knowledge of Sierra Leone’s political and war histories, and the outcomes of the implementation of programmes of post-conflict reforms. It embodies an analysis of the complex challenges involved in aligning international norms and values to local expectations and local priorities, and examines the role of local and global actors and structures in attempts to build a strong state and lasting peace. Using a theoretical framework informed by ‘liberal peace’ philosophy, as well as detailed and nuanced empirical evidence from the field, the book constructs a critical analysis of the contemporary global paradigm for building longer-term peace in war-torn, fractured and fragile societies.

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Stabilization Operations, Security and Development
States of Fragility

Edited by: Robert Muggah, Conflict, Development and Peacebuilding Series, Routledge, 2013

Details: There is today universal consensus that armed conflitct, crime and violence - extreme expressions of fragility - have negative repercussions on international peace and security. Contemporary preoccupations with the causes and consequences of fragile, failed and collapsed states have given rise to a diverse array of policy prescriptions, programmes and research initiatives. A sprawling vocabulary has emerged to describe zones of disorder at the global periphery and effective ways of containing and reclaiming them.
This volume sets out a far-reaching review of the emerging stabilization agenda. It features thematic chapters and case studies intended to critically asses the underlying policies, practices and outcomes of stability operations.

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Peacebuilding, Memory and Reconciliation
Bridging Top-Down and Bottom-Up Approaches

Edited by: Bruno Charbonneau, Genevieve Parent, Conflict, Development and Peacebuilding Series, Routledge, 2013

Details: This book aims to bridge the gap between what are generally referred to as ‘top-down’ and ‘bottom-up’ approaches to peacebuilding.
After the experience of a physical and psychological trauma, the period of individual healing and recovery is intertwined with political and social reconciliation. The prospects for social and political reconciliation are undermined when a ‘top-down’ approach is favoured over the ‘bottom-up strategy’- the prioritization of structural stability over societal well-being.
Peacebuilding, Memory and Reconciliation explores the inextricable link between psychological recovery and socio-political reconciliation, and the political issues that dominate this relationship. Through an examination of the construction of social narratives about or for peace, the text offers a new perspective on peacebuilding, which challenges and questions the very nature of the dichotomy between ‘top-down’ and ‘bottom-up’ approaches.

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The Peace In Between
Post-War Violence and Peacebuilding

Edited by: Astri Suhrke, Mats Berdal, Conflict, Development and Peacebuilding Series, Routledge, 2012

Details: This volume examines the causes and purposes of 'post-conflict' violence.
The end of a war is generally expected to be followed by an end to collective violence, as the term ‘post-conflict’ that came into general usage in the 1990s signifies. In reality, however, various forms of deadly violence continue, and sometimes even increase after the big guns have been silenced and a peace agreement signed. Explanations for this and other kinds of violence fall roughly into two broad categories – those that stress the legacies of the war and those that focus on the conditions of the peace. There are significant gaps in the literature, most importantly arising from the common premise that there is one, predominant type of post-war situation. This ‘post-war state’ is often endowed with certain generic features that predispose it towards violence, such as a weak state, criminal elements generated by the war-time economy, demobilized but not demilitarized or reintegrated ex-combatants, impunity and rapid liberalization.
The premise of this volume differs. It argues that features which constrain or encourage violence stack up in ways to create distinct and different types of post-war environments. Critical factors that shape the post-war environment in this respect lie in the war-to-peace transition itself, above all the outcome of the war in terms of military and political power and its relationship to social hierarchies of power, normative understandings of the post-war order, and the international context.

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The Political Economy of Peacemaking

Author: Achim Wennmann, Conflict, Development and Peacebuilding Series, Routledge, 2011

Details: While various works have addressed the economic characteristics and consequences of armed conflicts over the past two decades – including issues such as 'blood diamonds', natural resource wars, economically motivated armed violence, self-financing conflict, or the complicity of companies and state elites in conflict economies, this book explores whether they can be opportunities for peacemaking by adopting a political-economy perspective rather than treating them as obstacles for peace. "The Political Economy of Peacemaking" is the CCDP's first release in its new Routledge Series on Conflict, Development, and Peacebuilding.

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