In a world of growing precariousness and indebtedness, the problem of work has become paramount in contemporary societies. This seminar explores the changing dynamics of labour in the 21st century, in-between working less and the prospect of a jobless future, the advent of the sharing economy and increased automation. Rather than framed in the opposition between waged and unwaged, formal and informal, the seminar will examine the multiplicity of contemporary labour regimes by problematizing the cross-cultural meaning of work as practice and productive action. With the challenge posed by the combination of jobless economic growth rates, rising human productivity, and potentially automatable human labor, attention will be devoted to the future of work and the effects of automation, digitalization, and artificial-intelligence in the Global South. Readings attend to a renewed anthropological and multidisciplinary engagement with work, and the effects of precariousness, inequality or affect in modern, Fordist, and post-industrial economies.