course

The course aims at revisiting the notions of violence, power and State through the last two decades' debates in international relations, (political) anthropology and sociology, with a particular focus on the contradictory effects of globalization and its social actors. In the first part of the seminar, we will examine the (re)shaping of the conceptions of power and some of the (new) forms of national and transnational governmentalities in parallel to the subjectivity of the actors of violence who are putting into question the political and moral order of the State. The contributions of P.Bourdieu and M. Foucault will be center-stage, as well as the Post-Critical International Relations approaches. In the second part of the seminar, we will focus on two specific aspect of ‘violence (mis)management’ : on the one side, we will look at different forms of terrorism and of 'State Terrorism' in particular, through forms of State-sponsored Violence (the role of the armed forces and that of torture). On the other side, we will study the processes aiming at reconstructing social bonds, collective memory and national unity in context of political transitions. The focus will be on issues related to impunity and on mechanisms for implementing transitional justice in the aftermath of authoritarian regimes in Latin America and Africa.