China has achieved phenomenal economic success as a one-party authoritarian state since the reform era. This course investigates the process and consequences of economic reforms after 1978, as well as major challenges that the regime has been dealing with. What was the role of the central government in achieving such high levels of economic growth? How did decentralization affect the relations between the central and local state authorities? What were the incentives of government officials at the local level in pursuing regional economic growth and providing public goods? Why were some regions more successful than others? Finally, this course addresses how the state has been dealing with the most significant political and social problems, such as social protests, income inequality, and environmental pollution.