The main objective of this seminar is to understand the consequences of the so-called 'internationalisation' of education with a focus on emerging countries. Internationalisation policies are a by-product of globalisation deregulating education systems. New roles have been reassigned to states, individuals, families and private actors in education changing profoundly the educational landscape in many countries. The observable societal changes resulting from globalisation, such as the transience of social relations, question the role of education systems inherited from the enlightenment and the industrial revolution. These changes have offered new educational opportunities especially for emerging urban middle classes but not for some other social classes; important discrepancies can be observed between people's social background and their access to an education of quality today. The first part of the seminar focuses on the origins and features of 'internationalization' (e.g. mobility, transborder supply, commodification) and unpack the limitations of current 'modern' education systems; whereas the second part of the seminar analyses specific topics related to these global trends such as inequalities, privatisation, aid policies, fragility (conflict and peace education) using illustrations/examples from various countries and cases.