Spoken languages
English, French, Dutch
Areas of expertise
  • Climate, climate change, natural disasters
  • Energy
  • Environment, environmental policies, law, and economics
  • Applied microeconomics
  • Economics of innovation and technological change



Joëlle Noailly holds a PhD in Environmental Economics from the VU University Amsterdam and a M.Phil in Economics from the Tinbergen Institute in Amsterdam. She is also a graduate from the University of Delaware, USA, and the University of Lyon, France. She joined the Graduate Institute in 2012 after being awarded a Marie Curie Fellowship from the European Union. Before joining the institute, she worked for seven years at the Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis (CPB), the Dutch economic think-tank, conducting research at the crossroads of academics and policymaking.



  • Directing technical change from fossil-fuel to renewable energy innovation: An application using firm-level data, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, July, 72, pp.15-37 (with R. Smeets, 2015)
  • Multinational firms and the internationalization of green R&D: A review of the evidence and policy implications, Energy Policy, August, 83, pp.218.228  (with D. Ryfisch, 2015)
  • Improving the energy efficiency of buildings: The impact of environmental policy on technological innovation, Energy Economics, 34, pp. 795-806 (2012)
  • Coevolution of economic and ecological systems: An application to pesticide resistance in agriculture. Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 17(5), pp.1-29 (2007)
  • Spatial evolution of social norms in a common-pool resource game. Environmental and Resource Economics, 36, pp. 113-141 (with C. A. Withagen and J.C.J.M van den Bergh, 2007)

Working Papers

Research projects


  • Access to clean energy for the green economy in developing countries
  • SINERGIA "Innovation, Diffusion and Green Growth"
  • The Impact of Innovation on Sectoral Energy Intensity in Switzerland
  • Greenspill: the Role of Multinational Firms for the Diffusion of Clean Technology
Joëlle Noailly