As part of the curriculum, students choose one major and one minor out of three specialization tracks: Global Security, Trade & International Finance, and Environment, Resources & Sustainability. The track Environment, Resources & Sustainability is also offered within the Master in Development Studies, which reflects the Graduate Institute’s expertise in this area and the general thematic relevance of this topic.
The specialization tracks consist of a core course and a number of disciplinary and interdisciplinary electives specific to the track. Students must obtain 24 credits in the major and 12 credits in the minor.
This specialization track offers a variety of courses that provide students with a systematic and critical understanding of the global security architecture, as well as the transformations shaping it at the beginning of the 21st century. In a core course, students will learn about the history, political economy and the sociology of the global security system, and about the changing nature of war and political violence. The course will explore structural factors such as great-power dynamics, state repression and security governance, as well as on emerging threats to global security.
The bi-disciplinary course and the elective courses will deepen this understanding by focusing on how security policies play out at the national, sub-national and local levels, emphasising factors related to individual and group agency in the context of social movements, armed non-state actors, intra-state violence, insurgencies and civil wars, urban violence and insecurity, and transnational and criminal networks.
During a series of applied skills workshops, simulations and hands-on trainings, students will be exposed to situations as they are faced by decision-makers in international policy-making communities. This experience will help them acquire the practical skills necessary for effective leadership in this field.
The Global Security Architecture
This course will provide students with a systemic and critical understanding of the global security landscape, as well its transformations at the beginning of the 21st century. Students will be exposed to the political economy, and the sociology of the global security system, its history and evolution during the Cold War, and its remaking after the attacks of 11 September 2001.
The course will further touch on structural factors such as great-power dynamics, authoritarian and military regimes, state repression and security governance, as well as on emerging threats such as cyber crime, data theft, transnational criminal and terrorist networks, and the potential contagion effects of social media. The teaching will seek to impart on students a critical approach to security that emphasizes the various and cross-cutting ways in which the growing "securitization" of state and society play out at the sub-national and local levels, emphasizing factors related to individual and group agency in the context of social movements, armed non-state actors, intra-state violence, insurgencies and civil wars, and urban warfare.
The Trade & International Finance track introduces students to core issues in international economic integration. Students can take a compulsory course either on Trade or International Finance. The Trade course exposes them to modern trade theory and key recent development such as the emergence of global value chains. Students will develop a critical understanding of trade policy and its enforcement at the global level.
The International Finance course introduces students to the basics of exchange rate dynamics, capital flow, balance of payments and international macroeconomic policy. Drawing on the disciplines of the Institute and the expertise of experienced policymakers, a range of electives courses will provide other perspectives on international economic integration, in particular from history and anthropology.
The course will also cover specialized topics such as international business, competition and industrial policy, Internet governance, international standard setting and the global governance of intellectual property rights. Through case-based teaching and the opportunity to develop a capstone project, students will be challenged by concrete problems.
Macroeconomics and International Finance
The course covers some of the most important and controversial topics in economics. How are exchange rates determined? What are the differences between the conduct of economic policy under fixed and floating exchange rates? Is one exchange rate regime better than the other? Are trade deficits harmful? What are the drivers of international capital flows and the roots of balance of payment crises? Do countries manipulate their exchange rate, and if so why?
The course will apply economics tools to discuss real-world events such as the crisis of the euro and to evaluate potential latent vulnerabilities in the world economy. The course will mostly use graphical analysis and no mathematics beyond high-school level.
This course looks at how the information revolution has changed globalisation, its impact on national economies and how government should react to it. The first part takes a brief look at alternative conceptualisation of globalisation. The second part looks at the long history of globalisation. The third part presents an extension of the traditional globalisation narrative that accounts for why and how globalisation changed.
Environmental issues are becoming more salient for international relations and are critical now in livelihood and for framing of development programs at all scales. The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals chart this vision for international relations, but innumerable local, regional and nation state programs structure their development strategies through environmental policies and practices. The advancement of those visions depends critically on knowledge, cutting-edge policy development and innovation at all levels. The track offers an opportunity to focus on the emerging questions of governance, environment, resources and sustainability/resilience. As part of their specialization they are required to take the core course to the track, which introduces them to multidisciplinary debates and concepts, related to these questions. The additional three and six-credit courses (or equivalent) can be taken either within one of the four specialized areas, if students are interested to develop a specific type of expertise, or across the courses offered in the curriculum track.
|Faculty:||Jorge E. Viñuales Professor|