Feminist analysis of social and solidarity economy practices: views from Latin America and India

 

Abstract


Production, exchange and redistribution practices based on solidarity can be found in almost all areas of economic activity. Long ignored, these Social and Solidarity Economic (SSE) practices are receiving growing attention by scholars and by public authorities. This increasing interest however, remains gender blind, even though these practices are highly gendered and women play a major role in them. The SSE practices in the area of social reproduction are still under-recognized. This research project aims at addressing these gaps in SSE analysis and policies from a feminist perspective. It will contribute to the empirical and theoretical debates on social reproduction.

We hypothesize that to be truly transformative SSE needs to also address the reorganisation of social reproduction, integrating the political goals of gender equality and more equitable power relations.

Our research questions are: 1. to understand practices, social relations and power relations in relation to social reproduction within SSE; 2. to explore the contribution of SSE to the renewal of public action and policies, in the field of production and social reproduction.

We have selected 1-2 SSE organisations in each of the four research sites: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil and India. To answer our research questions, we will develop, at the micro-level, in-depth studies of the selected SSE organisations, using feminist anthropological approaches. At the meso and macro-level, we will explore the interactions between SSE and political debate, action and public policies, using feminist economics, sociology and political science approaches. These multi-scalar and pluridisciplinar studies will lead us to produce comparative analysis and contribute to substantial conclusions, both at theoretical and policy levels. This project was born of a collective work initiated between researchers at IHEID and UNRISD in Geneva, IRD and CNAM in Paris, and partners in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil and India, a network based on long-lasting collaborations