Global Challenges n°2

From the Albert Hirschman Centre on Democracy Jean-François Bayart, Christine Lutringer, Mohammad-Mahmoud Ould Mohamedou, Shalini Randeria, Rafael Sánchez, David Sylvan and Rebecca Tapscott contribute to the second issue of Global Challenges that discusses “Democracy at Risk”.


Democratisation in the 21st Century
Reviving Transitology

Edited by Mohammad-Mahmoud Ould Mohamedou, Timothy D. Sisk

The 2010’s was a critical period in the continuing, established trend of the spread of democracy worldwide: from the Arab Spring countries of Tunisia, Libya, Egypt and Yemen to the unfolding turmoil of Myanmar and Ukraine, by way of the upheavals in Burkina Faso, Senegal and Ivory Coast, social mobilisation against autocratic, corrupt, or military regimes has precipitated political transitions that are characteristic of "democratisation."


Voting Intentions in Africa: Ethnic, Economic or Partisan?

Ravi Bhavnani (with M.Bratton and T. Chen)

In N. Cheeseman (ed.) African Politics: Critical Concepts in Political Science, Routledge

This paper offers a first comprehensive account of popular voting intentions in Africa's new electoral democracies. With reference to aggregate and survey data from 16 countries, this paper shows that competitive elections in Africa are more than mere ethnic censuses or simple economic referenda. Instead, Africans engage in both ethnic and economic voting. Not surprisingly, people who belong to the ethnic group in power intend to support the ruling party, in contrast to those who feel a sense of discrimination against their cultural group.


Dancing Jacobins
A Venezuelan Genealogy of Latin American Populism

Rafael Sánchez

Since independence from Spain, a trope has remained pervasive in Latin America’s republican imaginary: that of an endless antagonism pitting civilization against barbarism as irreconcilable poles within which a nation’s life unfolds. This book apprehends that trope not just as the phantasmatic projection of postcolonial elites fearful of the popular sectors but also as a symptom of a stubborn historical predicament: the cyclical insistence with which the subaltern populations menacingly return to the nation’s public spaces in the form of crowds.


Democracy, education and the quality of government

Ugo Panizza

The Journal of Economic Growth serves as the principal outlet for theoretical as well as empirical research in economic growth and dynamic macroeconomics. The journal publishes high quality research examining neoclassical and endogenous growth models, growth and income distribution, human capital, fertility, trade, development, migration, money, the political economy, endogenous technological change, overlapping-generations models, and economic fluctuations.


Politics of the Urban Poor: Aesthetics, Ethics, Volatility, Precarity
Current Anthropology

Shalini Randeria (with Veena Das)

Vol. 56, No. S11, October 2015, pp. S3–S14. 

Based on longitudinal ethnographic work, the authors of this special issue on the politics of the urban poor examine how regional events as well as scholarly traditions in these places have influenced the way the categories of the urban poor and of politics have emerged in both scholarly and public discourse. As the discussions that follow make clear, the relation between urban processes and city forms is a volatile one, and this volatility in turn has a decisive effect on how the poor emerge as political actors.