Joost Pauwelyn

Professor of International Law

 

   

This page contains supplementary information to Professor Pauwelyn's main webage, including links to publications with downloads

Research

Current Interests

Professor Pauwelyns current research projects include: Outsider participation mechanisms in 21st century governance networks; legal regimes as complex adaptive systems; the use of economics in international trade and investment dispute settlement; new disciplines on export restrictions; fragmentation of international law; law and economics of public international law; trade policy to fight climate change; regulating foreign process and production methods in line with WTO Law; empirical analysis of international law.

 

Doctoral theses supervised

2017

HORNA Pierre
Cross Border Cartels in Latin America: A Transnational Competition Assessment
External Examiner: Ariel Ezrachi, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Oxford, UK
Internal Reader: Damien Neven
Country: Peru

TEEHANKEE Manuel
Trade and Environment Governance at the WTO CTE
External Examiner: Peter van den Bossche, Professor; and Member of the Appellate Body, World Trade Organization
Internal Reader: Liliana Andonova
Country: Philippines

FERNEKESS Katrin
Methods of Assessing Consumer Preferences in WTO Adjudication
External Examiner: Gabrielle Marceau, Associate Professor, Law Faculty, University of Geneva
Internal Reader: Gian Luca Burci
Country: Germany

2016

ZHANG Weiwei
Export Restrictions: Time for New Disciplines
External Examiner: VAN DEN BOSSCHE Peter. Second Reader: VINUALES Jorge Enrique.
Country: China.  

BARRIOS VILLARREAL Andrea
International Standardization and the TBT Agreement: Demystifying International Standardizing Bodies and their Processes 
External Examiner: DELIMATSIS Panagiotis. Second Reader: BURCI Gian Luca.
Country: Mexico.  

2015

ALSCHNER Wolfgang
State-Driven Change in International Investment Law and Its (Uncertain) Impact on Investor-State Arbitration: An Empirical Big Data Analysis
External Examiner: SCHILL Stephan W. Second Reader: SCHULTZ Thomas.
Country: Germany.  

LIU Han-Wei
Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Standards and World Trade: Understanding and Managing Global Frictions
External Examiner: MAVROIDIS Petros C. Second Reader: BIANCHI Andrea.
Country: Taiwan.  

2014

DAWAR Kamala
Regulating Public Restraints of Competition: Lessons from 2008-2012 Crisis
External Examiner: HOEKMAN Bernard. Second Reader: DUPONT Cédric.
Country: United Kingdom.  

BERMAN Ayelet
Reining in the Regulators? Transnational Regulatory Networks and Accountability
External Examiner: BENVENISTI Eyal. Second Reader: BIANCHI Andrea.
Country: Switzerland and Israel.  
Remarks: This thesis won the SNIS prize for the best thesis in International Studies in 2014

2013

REMY Jan Yves Natalie
The Role of the Caribbean Court of Justice (Original Jurisdiction) in Caribbean Integration.  
External Examiner: BERRY David. Second Reader: VINUALES Jorge Enrique.
Country: Saint Lucia.  

JARDIM DE SANTA CRUZ OLIVEIRA Maria Ângela
International Trade Agreements before Domestic Courts: Lessons from the EU and Brazilian Experiences
External Examiner: GALINDO George Rodrigo Bandeira. Second Reader: BIANCHI Andrea.
Country: Brazil.  

LEE Juneyoung
Culture and International Trade Law: from Conflict to Coordination.  
External Examiner: PARK Nohyoung. Second Reader: DUPONT Cédric.
Country: South Korea.  

BURNIER DA SILVEIRA Miguel
Indeterminate Legal Terms and the Balancing of Values in International Economic Law
External Examiner: MITCHELL Andrew. Second Reader: VINUALES Jorge Enrique.
Country: Brazil.  

APAZA Pamela
US and EU Preferential Trade Agreements and the WTO: Overlaps, Tensions and Other Legal Implications for the Global Trading System
External Examiner: RAMIREZ-HERNANDEZ Ricardo. Second Reader: KOHEN Marcelo.
Country: Peru.  

2012

PIRKER Benedikt Harald
Proportionality Analysis and Judicial Review. A Comparative Study in Domestic Constitutional, European and International Economic Law
External Examiner: KLATT Matthias. Second Reader: VINUALES Jorge Enrique.
Country: Austria.

2011

SALLES Luiz Eduardo Ribeiro
Preliminary Objections in International Adjudication: Procedural Tools to Address Forum Shopping before International Tribunals.  
External Examiners: MENEZES Wagner and BOISSON DE CHAZOURNES Laurence. Second Reader: KOHEN Marcelo.
Country: Brazil.  

APECU LAKER Joan
African Participation at the World Trade Organization. Legal and Institutional Aspects 1995 to 2010
External Examiner: HOEKMAN Bernard. Second Reader: ARCAND Jean-Louis.
Country: Uganda.

 

Doctoral Candidates

BEYER, Vincent
Research interests: Illicit trade
Country of origin: Germany

CIMA, Elena
Research Interests: Public International Law, International Trade Law, International Environmental Law, Energy Law
Country of origin: Italy

KYRIAKOU, Panagiotis
Research interests: International trade law
Country of origin: Greece

MOVSISYAN, Gor
Research Interests: International Environmental Law; Compliance Committees, Courts, Tribunals in Legal Realism
Country of origin: Armenia

RODRÍGUEZ MARTÍN, Patricia
Research Interests: Public International Law, International Economic Law, International Investment Law, International Dispute Settlement
Country of origin: Cuba and Sweden

NYCHAY, Nadiya
Research interests: International trade; WTO law
Country of origin: Ukraine

SANCHEZ, Manuel
Research Interests: WTO, International Dispute Settlement, Climate Change, and the Intersection between Trade and Development
Country of origin: Mexico

SALCEDO, Mauricio Salcedo
Research interests: Illicit trade
Country of origin: Colombia

SEN, Nivedita
Research Interests: International Trade Law, Intellectual Property Law, Internet Governance, Investment Law
Country of origin: India

TUMASOVA, Ksenia
Research Interests: International Trade Law, International Dispute Settlement, Intellectual Property
Country of origin: Russia

 

Publications

Books and monographs

 

Articles

  • New Frontiers in Empirical Legal Research: Text-As-Data and Network Analysis of International Economic Law, Editor of Special Issue (with W. Alschner & S. Puig), 20 Journal of International Economic Law (2017:2, 217-426) with Introduction: The Data-Driven Future of International Economic Law, 217-231
  • The Trade Regime as a Complex Adaptive System: Exploration and Exploitation of Environmental Norms in Trade Agreements (with J.F. Morin & J. Hollway), 20 Journal of International Economic Law (2017:2), 365-390  (ssrn)
  • The WTO 20 Years on: “Global Governance by Judiciary” or, Rather, Member-Driven Settlement of (Some) Trade Disputes Between (Some) WTO Members? 27 European Journal of International Law (2016:4)  (ssrn)
  • The Rule of Law Without the Rule of Lawyers? Why Investment Arbitrators Are from Mars, Trade Adjudicators Are from Venus, 109 American Journal of International Law (2015, October Issue) 761-805.  (jstore)  (ssrn)
  • Rule-based Trade 2.0? The Rise of Informal Rules and International Standards and How They May Outcompete WTO Treaties, 17 Journal of International Economic Law (2014) 739-751.  (ssrn)
  • When Structures Become Shackles: Stagnation and Dynamics in International Lawmaking (with R. Wessel & J. Wouters), 25 European Journal of International Law (2014) 733-763.  (ssrn)
  • At the Edge of Chaos? Foreign Investment Law as a Complex Adaptive System, How it Emerged and How it Can Be Reformed, 29 ICSID Review – Foreign Investment Law Journal (2014) 372-418.  (ssrn)
  • Upholding the Rule of Law in Informal International Lawmaking Processes (with S. Duquet, R. Wessel & J. Wouters), 6 Hague Journal on The Rule of Law (2014) 75-95
  • The End of Differential Treatment for Developing Countries? Lessons from the Trade and Climate Change Regimes, 22 Review of European Community & International Environmental Law (RECIEL, 2013) 29-41
  • Treaty Interpretation or Activism? The AB Report on United States – ADs and CVDs on Certain Products from China – Comment, 12 World Trade Review (2013) 235-241
  • Conflict of Norms or Conflict of Laws?:  Different Techniques in the Fragmentation of Public International Law (with Ralf Michaels), in 22 Duke Journal of Comparative and International Law (2012) 349-376
  • The Stagnation of International Law (with R. Wessel & J. Wouters), Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies, Working Paper N. 97, Oct. 2012
  • Trading Cultures – Appellate Body Report on China – Audiovisuals (with P. Conconi), 10 World Trade Review (2011) 95-118
  • The Exercise of Public Authority Through Informal International Lawmaking: An Accountability Issue? (with Ramses Wessel and Jan Wouters), Jean Monnet Working Paper 06/11
  • The Dog That Barked But Didn’t Bite:  Fifteen Years of Intellectual Property Disputes at the WTO, 1 Journal of International Dispute Resolution (2010), 389-429.  (ssrn)
  • Squaring Free Trade in Culture With Chinese Censorship:  The WTO Appellate Body Report on China – Audiovisuals, 11 Melbourne Journal of International Law (2010), 1-22  (ssrn)
  • Emergency Action by the WTO Director-General: Global Administrative Law and the WTO's Initial Response to the 2008-09 Financial Crisis (with A. Berman), 6 International Organizations Law Review (2009) 499-512
  • Nothing dramatic (… regarding administration of customs law) – Comment, 8 World Trade Review (2009) 45-48
  • Forum Shopping Before International Tribunals:  (Real) Concerns, (Im)possible Solutions, 42 Cornell International Law Journal (2009) 77-118 (with Eduardo Salles)
  • Non-Discrimination in Trade and Investment Treaties :  Worlds Apart or Two Sides of the Same Coin ?, 102 American Journal of International Law (2008) 48 (with Nicolas DiMascio) (winner of the 2009 Francis Deak Prize)
  • New Trade Politics for the 21st Century, 11 Journal of International Economic Law (2008) 559
  • U.S. Federal Climate Policy and Competitiveness Concerns: The Limits and Options of International Trade Law, Working Paper, Nicolas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions, Duke University, April 2007, available at http://www.nicholas.duke.edu/institute/internationaltradelaw.pdf
  • Adding Sweeteners to Softwood Lumber:  The WTO-NAFTA ‘Spaghetti Bowl’ Is Cooking, 9 Journal of International Economic Law (2006) 1-10
  • The Transformation of World Trade, 104 Michigan Law Review (2005) 1-70
  • Rien ne Va Plus? Distinguishing Domestic Regulation from Market Access in GATT and GATS, 4 World Trade Review (2005) 131-170
  • The Sutherland Report:  A Missed Opportunity for Genuine Debate on Trade, Globalization and Reforming the WTO, Journal of International Economic Law (2005:2) 329-346
  • Bridging Fragmentation and Unity:  International Law as a Universe of Inter-Connected Islands, 25 Michigan Journal of International Law (2004) 903-927
  • Going Global, Regional or Both? Dispute settlement in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and Overlaps with the WTO and Other Jurisdictions, 13 Minnesota Journal of Global Trade (2004) 231-304
  • Environmental Risk, Precaution and Scientific Rationality in the Context of WTO/NAFTA Trade Rules, Risk Analysis (2004) 461-9 (with D. Crawford Brown and Kelly Smith)
  • The Puzzle of WTO Safeguards and Regional Trade Agreements, Journal of International Economic Law (2004) 109-142
  • A Typology of Multilateral Treaty Obligations:  Are WTO Obligations Bilateral or Collective in Nature? 14 European Journal of International Law (2003) 907-952
  • How to Win a WTO dispute based on non-WTO law:  Questions of Jurisdiction and Merits, Journal of World Trade (2003) 997-1030
  • The Limits of Litigation: Americanization and Negotiation in the Settlement of WTO Disputes, 19 Ohio State Journal on Dispute Resolution (2003) 121-140
  • WTO Compassion or Superiority Complex?: What to Make of the WTO Waiver for “Conflict Diamonds”, 24 Michigan Journal of International Law (2003) 1177-1207
  • The Use of Experts in WTO Dispute Settlement, 51 International and Comparative Law Quarterly (2002) 325-364
  • Cross-agreement Complaints before the Appellate Body: A case study of the EC – Asbestos Dispute, 1 World Trade Review (2002) 63-87
  • The Role of Public International Law in the WTO:  How Far Can We Go?, 95 American Journal of International Law (2001) 535-578
  • Enforcement and Countermeasures in the WTO:  Rules are Rules – Towards a More Collective Approach, 94 American Journal of International Law (2000) 621-633
  • An Overview of the WTO Agreements On Health and Technical Standards and Their Impact On Communication, Zeischrift Für Das Gesamte Lebensmittelrecht (2000) 843-858
  • Evidence, Proof and Persuasion in WTO Dispute Settlement, Who Bears the Burden, Journal of International Economic Law (1998) 227-258
  • The WTO Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Measures as Applied in the First Three SPS Disputes:  EC – Hormones, Australia – Salmon and Japan – Varietals, Journal of International Economic Law (1999) 641-664
  • The Concept of a "Continuing Violation" of an International Obligation: Selected Problems, British Yearbook Of International Law (1995) 415-450

 

Works in Collections

  • Defences and the Burden of Proof in International Law in Exceptions in International Law (eds. L. Bartels & F. Paddeu), Oxford University Press, 2018, forthcoming.  (ssrn)
  • Interplay Between the WTO Treaty and Other International Legal Instruments and Tribunals: Evolution After 20 Years of WTO Jurisprudence in Proceedings of the Québec City Conference on the WTO at 20 (eds. C.-E. Côté, V. Guèvremont, R. Ouellet), Presses de l’Université de Laval, 2018, forthcoming.  (ssrn)
  • Not As Preferential As You May Think: How Mega-Regionals Can Benefit Third Countries, in Thilo Rensmann (ed.), Mega-Regional Trade Agreements and the Future of International Trade and Investment Law (Springer 2017).  (available here)
  • Sources of International Trade Law: Mantras and Controversies at the World Trade Organization in Oxford Handbook on the Sources of International Law (eds. S. Besson & J. d’Aspremont), Oxford University Press, 2017 (ssrn)
  • Thinking About the Performance of the World Trade Organization: A Discussion Across Disciplines (with M. Elsig & B. Hoekman) in Assessing the World Trade Organization (editor with Manfred Elsig & Bernard Hoekman), Cambridge University Press, 2017
  • Minority Rules: Precedent and Participation before the WTO Appellate Body in Establishing Judicial Authority in International Economic Law (eds. Joanna Jemielniak, Laura Nielsen and Henrik Palmer Olsen, CUP, 2016, 139 ff.).  (ssrn)
  • Taking the Preferences Out of Preferential Trade Agreements: TTIP as a Provider of Public Goods? in Jean-Frédéric Morin, Tereza Novotná, Frederic Ponjaert and Mario Telò, The Politics of Transatlantic Trade Negotiations: TTIP in a Globalized World, Farnham, Ashgate, 2015, 187-196.  (ssrn)
  • Forget About the WTO: The Network of Relations Between Preferential Trade Agreements (PTAs) and ‘Double PTAs’ (with Wolfgang Alschner) in Trade Cooperation: The Purpose, Design and Effects of Preferential Trade Agreements (eds. Manfred Elsig and Andreas Dür), Cambridge University Press, 2015, 497-532.  (ssrn)
  • Rational Design or Accidental Evolution?  The Emergence of International Investment Law in Foundations of International Investment Law (eds. Douglas, Pauwelyn, Vinuales), OUP, 2014, 11-43
  • Informal International Law as Presumptive Law: Exploring New Modes of Law-making (with R. Wessel and J. Wouters), in International Law-making, Essays in Honour of Jan Klabbers, R. Liivoja and J. Petman (eds.), Routlegde, 2013 
  • Use, Non-use and Abuse of Economics in WTO and Investor-State Dispute Settlement, in WTO Litigation, Investment and Commercial Arbitration – Cross-fertilization and Reciprocal Opportunities, Goldman, Romanetti & Stirnimann (eds.), Kluwer, 2013.  (ssrn)
  • Different Means, Same End:  The Contribution of Trade and Investment Treaties to Anti-Corruption Policy, in Anti-Corruption Policy: Can International Actors Play a Constructive Role? (S. Rose-Ackerman & P. Carrington, eds), 2013, 247-265  (ssrn)
  • The Politics of Treaty Interpretation:  Variation and Explanations Across International Tribunals (with M. Elsig), in International Law and International Relations:  Taking Stock (J. Dunoff and M. Pollack, eds.), Cambridge University Press, 2013, 445-473.  (ssrn)
  • Carbon Leakage Measures and Border Tax Adjustments under WTO Law, in Research Handbook on Environment, Health and the WTO (G. Van Calster and D. Prévost, eds.), Edward Elgar, 2013.  (ssrn)
  • An Introduction to Informal International Lawmaking (with R. Wessel & K. Wouters), in Informal International Lawmaking (J. Pauwelyn, R. Wessel & J. Wouters, eds.), Oxford University Press, 2012
  • Informal International Lawmaking: Framing the Concept and Research Questions, in Informal International Lawmaking (J. Pauwelyn, R. Wessel & J. Wouters, eds.), Oxford University Press, 2012
  • Is It International Law Or Not and Does It Even Matter?, in Informal International Lawmaking (J. Pauwelyn, R. Wessel & J. Wouters, eds.), Oxford University Press, 2012
  • Informal International Lawmaking: An Assessment and Template to Keep it Both Effective and Accountable, in Informal International Lawmaking (J. Pauwelyn, R. Wessel & J. Wouters, eds.), Oxford University Press, 2012
  • Introduction and Key Issues Surrounding Informal International Lawmaking, in Informal International Lawmaking: Case Studies (A. Berman, S. Duquet, J. Pauwelyn, R. Wessel & J. Wouters, eds.), TOAEP Academic Publisher, 2012
  • The World Trade Organization’s Dispute Settlement Mechanism – Analysis and Problems (with T. Bernauer & M. Elsig) in Oxford Handbook of the WTO (A. Narlikar, M. Daunton, and R. M. Stern, eds), Oxford University Press, 2012
  • The Rise and Challenges of ‘Informal’ International Law-Making, in The Law of the Future and the Future of Law (eds. Muller, Zouridis, Frishman and Kistemaker, 2011), 125-140
  • Principled Monism and The Normative Conception of Coercion under International Law (with George Pavlakos), in Beyond the Established Legal Orders:  Policy Interconnections Between the EU and the Rest of the World (eds. Malcolm Evans & Panos Koutrakos, Hart Publishing, Oxford, 2011)
  • Conflict of Norms or Conflict of Laws?:  Different Techniques in the Fragmentation of International Law (with Ralf Michaels), in Multi-Sourced Equivalent Norms in International Law (eds. Yuval Shany & Tomer Broude, Hart Publishing, Oxford, 2011)
  • Trading Cultures:  Appellate Body Report on China – Audiovisuals (with Paola Conconi), The WTO Case Law of 2009: Legal and Economic Analysis, American Law Institute (H. Horn & P. Mavroidis, eds.), Cambridge University Press, 2011
  • The Dog That Barked But Didn’t Bite:  15 Years of Intellectual Property Disputes at the WTO, in La Resolution des Litiges de Propriété Intellectuelle (ed. Jacques de Werra), 2010, 1-52
  • Global Challenges at the Intersection of Trade, Energy and the Environment: An Introduction, in Global Challenges at the Intersection of Trade, Energy and the Environment (ed. J. Pauwelyn), 1-10
  • Trade Retaliation in WTO Dispute Settlement:  A Multi-Disciplinary Approach (with Chad Bown), in The Law, Economics and Politics of Retaliation in WTO Dispute Settlement (Cambridge University Press, 2010) (eds. J. Pauwelyn & Chad Bown)
  • The Calculation and Design of Trade Retaliation in Context:  What is the Goal of Suspending WTO Obligations? in The Law, Economics and Politics of Retaliation in WTO Dispute Settlement (Cambridge University Press, 2010) (eds. J. Pauwelyn & C. Bown)
  • Multilateralizing Regionalism:  What About An MFN Clause in Preferential Trade Agreements?, Proceedings of the 103rd Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law, 2009, 122-124
  • Comment – Nothing Dramatic (… regarding administration of customs laws. A Comment on the WTO Appellate Body Report on EC – Selected Customs Matters by B. Hoekman and P. Mavroidis in The WTO Case Law of 2006-2007, Legal and Economic Analysis (CUP, 2009, eds. P. Mavroidis & H. Horn)
  • Legal Avenues to “Multilaterise Regionalism”:  Beyond Article XXIV, in Multilateralising  Regionalism, Challenges for the Global Trading System, Cambridge University Press, 2009 (eds. Richard Baldwin and Patrick Low)
  • The Unbearable Lightness of Likeness, in GATS and the Regulation of International Trade in Services, Cambridge University Press, 2008 (eds. Marion Panizzon, Nicole Pohl and Pierre Sauvé)  
  • Fragmentation of International Law, Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, entry included in 2008
  • The Future of the WTO – Consultative Board Report in WTO Law and Process, The Proceedings of the 2005 and 2006 Annual WTO Conferences (F. Ortino and S. Ripinsky, eds.), at 160
  • Trade and Investment Disputes:  Complement or Conflict? in WTO Law and Process, The Proceedings of the 2005 and 2006 Annual WTO Conferences (F. Ortino and S. Ripinsky, eds.), at 313
  • The Promises and Limits of Treaty Interpretation, in Fragmentation :  Diversification and Expansion of International Law, Proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference of the Canadian Council on International Law, 2006, at 99.
  • Europe, America and the “Unity” of International Law, in The Europeanisation of International Law, The Status of International Law in the EU and its Member States, edited by J. Wouters, André Nollkaemper & Erika de Wet, T.M.C. Asser Press, 2008
  • Non-Traditional Patterns of Global Regulation:  Is the WTO ‘Missing the Boat’? in Non-Traditional Sources of International Law (eds. Ilias Bantekas and Ricardo Abello, OUP 2006)
  • Is the Vienna Convention Outdated? in WTO LAW AND PROCESS, eds. Mads Andenas and Federico Ortino, British Institute of International and Comparative Law, 2005, 494-500
  • Remedies in the WTO:  ‘First Set the Goal, then Fix the Instruments to Get There’, in WTO LAW AND PROCESS, eds. Mads Andenas and Federico Ortino, British Institute of International and Comparative Law, 2005, 185-199
  • The Use of Experts in WTO Dispute Settlement, in George Bermann & Petros Mavroidis (Eds.), Human Health And Safety In Wto Dispute Resolution (Cambridge University Press, forthcoming 2005)
  • WTO Dispute Settlement: Of Sovereign Interests, Private Rights and Public Goods, in Jerome Reichman (Ed.), International Public Goods And Transfer Of Technology Under A Globalized Intellectual Property Regime (Cambridge University Press, 2005) 817-830
  • The Application of Non-WTO Rules of International Law in WTO Dispute Settlement, in P. Macrory, A. Appleton and M. Plummer (eds.), The Wto: Legal, Economic And Political Analysis (Springer, 2005, 3 Vols.), Vol. I, 1405-1426
  • The Jurisdiction of the WTO, in Proceedings Of The 98th Annual Meeting Of The American Society Of International Law (March 31-April 3, 2004) 135-138
  • A Comparative Analysis of Trade Remedies in the WTO (translated in Japanese), in Ichiro Araki And Kawase Tsuyoshi (Eds.), Safeguards Under The Wto Agreement:  Issues And Proposals For A More Effective Mechanism, published by Toyo Keizai Shimpo Sha, Japan, 2004, 21-36
  • Proposals for Reform of Article 21 of the DSU, in E.-U. Petersmann, Improvements And Clarifications Of The Wto Dispute Settlement Understanding, Wto Negotiators Meet Academics (European University Institute, 2002) 67-80
  • Does the WTO Stand for “Deference to” or “Interference with” National Health Authorities when Applying the (SPS) Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures?, in Thomas Cottier & Petros Mavroidis (Eds.), The Role Of The Judge In International Trade Regulation (Michigan University Press, 2003)
  • A World Environment Court, in Un University, Institute Of Advanced Studies, International Environmental Governance, Gaps And Weaknesses, Proposals For Reform, Working Paper, 2002 (36 pages)
  • MFN-Unconditionality: A Legal Analysis of the Concept in View of its Evolution in the GATT/WTO Jurisprudence with Particular Reference to the Issue of "Like Product", co-authored with William, J., Davey, in Thomas Cottier & Petros Mavroidis (Eds.), Regulatory Barriers And The Principle Of Non-Discrimination (University of Michigan Press, 1998) 13-50
  • Applying SPS in WTO disputes, in David Robertson & Aynsley Kellow, Globalization And The Environment, Risk Assessment And The Wto (2001) 63-81

 

Shorter Articles & Book Reviews

  • The Data-Driven Future of International Law (with W. Alschner & S. Puig), European Journal of International Law, EJIL:Talk!, 25 July 2017, http://tinyurl.com/yafprpaf
  • Organic, Bottom-Up Evolution of the WTO Treaty? Canada’s Proposal for an Informal Framework for Procedural Innovation in WTO Dispute Settlement, 23 June 2016, http://tinyurl.com/z6njck5
  • COOL Arbitrator Finds that Only Lost Trade is « Recoverable » Not Broader Economic Harm Suffered by Canada/Mexico, blog post, 10 December 2015, http://tinyurl.com/jarg7pt
  • A « Legally Binding Treaty » or Not ? The Wrong Question for Paris Climate Summit (with Liliana Andonova), European Journal of International Law, EJIL:Talk!, 4 December 2015, http://tinyurl.com/gko6tqe
  • Why the US Should Support The EU Proposal for an « Investment Court System », 16 November 2015, http://tinyurl.com/zzrc4pt
  • The Emergence of a New International Tax Regime: The OECD’s Package on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) (with Itai Grinberg), ASIL Insight, Vol. 19, Issue 24, 28 October 2015, http://tinyurl.com/jsqnxx7
  • The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership Will Be Good for Both World Trade and the World Trade Organization, CATO Institute, October 2015, http://tinyurl.com/z6q632a
  • The Panther Is A Cat !  But Is It A Leopard Or A Lion ? Foreword to Graham Cook, A Digest of WTO Jurisprudence on Public International Law Concepts and Principles, Cambridge University Press, 2015
  • Trade Negotiations in Crisis? The Real Challenges, 15 Globe – The Graduate Institute Review, Spring 2015, p. 24-25 (reproduced in Le Temps, 25 March 2015, translated as: L’essor du libre échange, malgré les ratés de l’OMC
  • Learning by Doing: Law Clinic Helps Smaller Stakeholders Influence and Benefit from Trade Regimes, 15 Globe – The Graduate Institute Review, Spring 2015, p. 28
  • The Pros and Cons of Dispute Settlement under FTAs: The First CAFTA Trade Panel (Costa Rica v. El Salvador), blog post, 17 December 2014, http://tinyurl.com/jofkky4
  • Waiving WTO Rights in an FTA? Panel Report on Peru - Agricultural Products, blog post, 3 December 2014, http://tinyurl.com/zxcducz
  • Graduate Institute Students Get Innovative with LawWithoutWalls, 13 Globe – The Graduate Institute Review, Spring 2014, p. 27
  • New Trade Rules for Cross-Border Flows of Information?, Online Book Symposium on The Electronic Silk Road (by A. Chander), Opinio Juris, October 2013, http://tinyurl.com/h6zzsgw
  • The Politics of Treaty Interpretation (with M. Elsig), International Law/ International Relations Online Symposium, Opinio Juris, September 2013, http://opiniojuris.org/2013/09/18/ilir-symposium-politics-treaty-interpretation/
  • Beyond Constitutionalism, The Pluralist Structure of Postnational Law (Nico Krisch), Book Review, 4 European Yearbook of International Economic Law (2013)
  • The Rise of Informal Internal Lawmaking and Trade Governance, 11 Globe – The Graduate Institute Review, Spring 2013, p. 14-15 (reproduced in Le Temps, 27 February 2013, translated as: La gouvernance commerciale et ses chemins informels
  • Online Book Discussion, Informal International Lawmaking, Opinio Juris, October 2012, http://opiniojuris.org/2012/10/16/book-discussion-informal-international-lawmaking/
  • Dealing with the Increasing Complexity of Investment-Related Treaties: A Framework and Some Policy Guidelines, Investment Treaty News, October 2012, p. 5-6, available at http://www.iisd.org/pdf/2012/iisd_itn_october_2012_en.pdf
  • The WTO in Crisis: Five Fundamentals Reconsidered, WTO Public Forum, Summer 2012, available at http://www.wto.org/english/forums_e/public_forum12_e/art_pf12_e/art9.htm
  • Comments on Interpretation and Institutional Choice, Virginia Journal of International Law Online Symposium, Opinio Juris, April 2012, http://tinyurl.com/znxppeu
  • Settling Economic Disputes: the WTO and WIPO Models (with M. Burnier), 6 Globe – The Graduate Institute Review, Autumn 2010, p. 14-15
  • The WTO: A Tool, Not a Weapon to Avert Carbon and Job Leakage, 4 Globe – The Graduate Institute Review, Autumn 209, p. 6-7
  • La Sélection des Juges à l’OMC, et Peut-Etre celle d’un Chinois, Mérite Plus d’Attention, Le Temps, 16 November 2007 available at http://www.letemps.ch/template/economie.asp?page=9&article=219460
  • Faut-il Pénaliser les Importations « Sales » ?, Le Temps, 28 September 2007
  • A Carbon Levy on Imports to Fight Climate Change, Telos, September 2007, available at http://www.telos-eu.com/en/article/a_carbon_levy_on_imports_to_fight_climate_change
  • Online Symposium Discussion of Cogan’s Non-Compliance and The International Rule of Law, Opinio Juris, March 2007, http://tinyurl.com/jnkwqye
  • Blood Diamonds’ Many Facets, Op-ed, News & Observer, 11 January 2007, available at http://www.newsobserver.com/559/story/530965.html
  • Review of D. Cass, The Constitutionalization of the WTO: Legitimacy, Democracy, and Community in the International Trading System, 100 American Journal of International Law (2006) 986
  • The U.S.-Canada Softwood Lumber Dispute Reaches a Climax, ASIL Insight, November 30, 2005 at: http://www.asil.org/insights/2005/11/insights051129.html
  • The UNESCO Convention on Cultural Diversity, and the WTO: Diversity in International Law-Making?, ASIL Insight, November 15, 2005 at: http://www.asil.org/insights/2005/11/insights051115.html
  • Just Trade, Book Review of Trade, Inequality and Justice:  Toward a Liberal Theory of Just Trade by Frank J. Garcia (2003), 37 GEORGE WASHINGTON INTERNATIONAL LAW REVIEW (2005) 559-571
  • WTO Softens Earlier Condemnation of U.S. Ban on Internet Gambling, but Confirms Broad Reach into Sensitive Domestic Regulation, American Society of International Law (ASIL) Insight, April 2005, at http://www.asil.org/insights/2005/04/insights050412.html
  • An Insider’s Guide to the WTO’s Problems (with Andrew Guzman), 9 BRIDGES 2005 (January) at p. 7 (published by the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD))
  • WTO Condemnation of U.S. Ban on Internet Gambling Pits Free Trade against Moral Values, American Society of International Law (ASIL) Insight, November 2004, at www.asil.org/insights/2004/11/insight041117.html
  • The Appellate Body's GSP decision (with Lorand Bartels, Steve Charnovitz, Robert Howse, Jane Bradley and Donald Regan) 3 World Trade Review (2004) 239-266
  • Recent Books on Trade and Environment:  GATT Phantoms Still Haunt the WTO, 15 European Journal Of International Law (2004) 575-592
  • WTO Victory over Steel Hides Deficiencies, The Jurist, 23 January 2004, http://jurist.law.pitt.edu/forum/Pauwelyn1.php
  • Iraqi Reconstruction Contracts and the WTO: "International law? I'd better call my lawyer", The Jurist, 19 December 2003
  • L'Organisation Mondiale Du Commerce et la Proprieté Intellectuelle, Pourquoi Et Comment?, 39 L'observateur De Bruxelles (October 2000) 40-45
  • Towards Liberalization of Trade in Basic Communications: Negotiations in the World Trade Organization, 10 Société De Droit International Economique (Sdie) Bulletin (1997) 6-8
  • Book Review:  Regionalism and Multilateralism After the Uruguay Round - Convergence and Interaction (by Demaret, Bellis and Jiménez (eds.), 1997), Journal Of World Trade (1999) 182-187

 

Possible research topics for incoming PhD candidates

  • International standard-setting compared to international lawmaking;
  • Case studies of specific standard-setting organizations, their effectiveness & accountability;
  • New generation trade and investment treaties;
  • Using social networks and the internet to enhance accountability, monitoring and enforcement of international law;
  • Plurilateral agreements and the WTO;
  • Variable geometry in the WTO;
  • Rethinking the developing v. developed countries bifurcation;
  • The effectiveness and accountability of informal international lawmaking;
  • The use of economics in international trade and investment dispute settlement;
  • Using economics to resolve legal questions under international economic law (domestic regulation, IP, TBT, PPMs, remedies, etc.);
  • Multi-disciplinary assessments of international law: economics, behavioral economics, psychology, sociology (network analysis), international relations, etc.
  • Foreign investment insurance
  • Empirical analysis of cross-fertilization between BITs
  • State-owned entreprises in international law