Robert Muggah

Robert Muggah  
Robert Muggah
Research Associate
Contact: Email: robert.muggah (at)

Dr. Robert Muggah is the Research Director of the Igarapé Institute, a Principal of the SecDev Group, and a professor at the Instituto de Relações Internacionais, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro. From Brazil he directs several projects on international cooperation, peace-support operations, transnational organized crime, citizen security and violence prevention, and humanitarian action in non-war settings across Latin America and the Caribbean. He currently oversees the humanitarian action in situations other than war (HASOW) project, the states of fragility project, and the urban resilience project. He also advises the High Level Panel on the post-2015 development agenda. Dr. Muggah received his DPhil at Oxford University and his MPhil at the Institute for Development Studies (IDS), University of Sussex.

For the past ten years Dr. Muggah was research director and researcher at the Small Arms Survey (2000-2011), a lecturer at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, and an adviser to the OECD-DAC, UN, and the World Bank. He has worked with multilateral and bilateral agencies in more than thirty countries across Latin America and the Caribbean, Sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa and the Middle East, South Asia and the South Pacific on issues of arms control and violence reduction, security sector reform, migration and refugee policy, and gang violence reduction. His recent policy research includes chapters for the forthcoming Human Development Report (2013) for Latin America, the Urban Dilemma (2012) for IDRC and DFID, advisory support to the World Bank´s World Development Report (2011), co-authorship of the UNDP Governance for Peace report (2012), and co-author of several OECD guidance notes on armed violence reduction.

Dr. Muggah´s work is published in dozens of academic and policy journals. Most recently, he is the editor of Stability Operations, Security and Development (New York: Routledge, 2013) and co-editor of the Global Burden of Armed Violence (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011). He is also the editor and author of Security and Post-Conflict Reconstruction: Dealing with Fighters in the Aftermath of War (New York: Routledge, 2009), Relocation Failures in Sri Lanka: A Short History of Internal Displacement (London: Zed Books, 2008), and No Refuge: The Crisis of Refugee Militarization in Africa (London: Zed Books 2006) and has contributed more than 14 chapters to the Small Arms Survey since 2001. Dr. Muggah has published articles in International Peacekeeping, Security Dialogue, Contemporary Security Policy, The Commonwealth Journal of International Affairs, The Journal of Refugee Studies, The Journal of Disasters, Forced Migration Review, and many others. In addition to featuring in international media, Dr. Muggah has also been involved in co-writing and advising documentary films on violence, drug policy and development.

In 2014, Dr. Robert Muggah gave the talk How to Protect Fast-Growing Cities from Failing at TED Global on how to save fast-growing cities from failling and becoming now global risks. In 2015, he published an article in Foreign Affairs on the same issue, called Fixing Fragile Cities - Solutions for Urban Violence and Poverty


Field(s)of Interest:
  • Security promotion and armed violence reduction in complex environments
  • Risks and responses to population displacement and resettlement
  • State-building, stabilization and fragility and the political economy of ‘securitization’
  • Urbanisation and forms of institutional resilience
Selected Publications
  • Muggah, R. Ed. (2013) Stabilisation Operations, Security and
    Development: States of Fragility
    . New York: Routledge.
  • (2012) “Stabilization and Statebuilding in Haiti”, in Berdal, M.
    and Zaum, D. (Eds) The Poltical Economy of Statebuilding in Fragile States. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • (2012) “Stabilization and Humanitarian Action in Haiti”. Perin,
    B. (Ed). Edges of Conflict. Vancouver: UBC Press.
  • (and Sousa, A.) (2012) “Paving the Hills and Levelling the
    Streets: Counter-insurgency in Rio de Janeiro”, Current History,
    Winter Edition.
  • (and Pinto, A.) (2012) “Vectors of Violence: Rethinking Small
    Arms Control”, Medicine, Conflict and  Survival, Special Edition.
  • Eds. (and Krause, K., Gilgen, E. 2011) The Global Burden of Armed Violence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • (2011) “Measuring the True Costs of War: Consensus and
    Controversy”, PLoS Medicine Vol 8 No 2.
  • (2011) “The Transnational Gang: Challenging the Conventional
    Narrative”, in Shaw, T. and Grant, A. Eds. Ashgate Research Companion. London: Ashgate.
  • (2011) “Closing the Gap Between Peace Operations and
    Post-Conflict Insecurity”, Cockayne, J. Ed. Peace Operations and
    Organized Crime: Enemies or Allies?
    . New York: Ashgate.
  • (2011) “A Unified Approach to Resettlement”, Koser K. Ed.
    Migration-Displacement Nexus. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • (2011) “States of Security”, Small Arms Survey 2011. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • (and Kolbe, A. et al) (2010) “Mortality, Crime and Access to
    Basic Needs: Haiti Before and After the Quake”, Medicine, Conflict and Survival Vol 26, Issue 4.
  • (2010) “Stabilizing the Fragile State”, in Berdal, M and
    Wennman, A. Eds. Ending Wars: Consolidating Peace. Adelphi Series. London: Routledge.
  • (and Collinson, S. and Elharawy, S. 2010) “States of Fragility:
    Stabilization and Humanitarian Action”, HPG Working Paper. London: Overseas Development Institute (ODI).
  • (and Colletta, N. 2009) “Promoting Post-Conflict Security”,
    Journal of Conflict Security and Development, 9 (4): 425 – 453.
  • Ed. (2009) Security and Post-Conflict Reconstruction: Dealing
    with Fighters in the Aftermath of War
    . New York: Routledge.
  • (2009) “Once We Were Warriors: Refugee Militarization in Africa”, Human Security and Non-State Actors. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • (and Jutersonke, O. and Rodgers, D.) (2009) “Urban violence andSecurity Interventions in Central America”, Security Dialogue 40 (4-5): 373-397
  • (with Krause, K) (2009) “Closing the Gap between Peace Operations and Post-Conflict Insecurity: Towards a Violence Reduction Agenda”, International Peacekeeping 16 (1): 136-150.
  • (2008) Relocation Failures in Sri Lanka: A Short History of
    Internal Displacement and Resettlement
    . London: Zed Books.
  • (2007) “Great Expectations: (Dis)integrated DDR in Sudan and
    Haiti”, Humanitarian Practice Exchange 40. London: ODI.
  • (2007) “Returning and Reintegrating Displaced People: the
    Death-knell of 4R?” ODI HPN Exchange (December edition).
  • (2007) “Guns and the City: Analysing Urbanisation and Armed
    Violence”, Small Arms Survey 2007. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (online)
  • (2006). “Rethinking Disarmament, Demobilization and
    Reintegration in Sudan”. Humanitarian Practice Exchange 39.
  • Ed. (2006) No Refuge: The Crisis of Refugee Militarization in
    London: Zed Books.
  • (2006) “Emerging from the Shadow of War: DDR and Arms Reduction during Post-Conflict”, in the Journal of Contemporary Security Policy Special Edition 25 (2).
  • (2006) “Colombia’s Hydra: the Many Faces of Gun Violence”, Small Arms Survey 2006. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • (2006) “The Scourge of the Gun: Armed Violence Assessments in
    Papua New Guinea”, Small Arms Survey 2006. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • (and Brauer, J. 2006) “Firearms Demand: Theory and Practice”, in the Journal of Contemporary Security Policy Special Edition 25 (2).
  • (2005) “Distinguishing Means and Ends: The Counterintuitive
    Effects of UNHCR’s Community Development Approach in Nepal”, Journal of Refugee Studies 18 (2).
  • (2005) “No Magic Bullet: A Critical Perspective on Disarmament,
    Demobilization and Reintegration and Weapons Reduction during
    Post-Conflict”, The Commonwealth Journal of International Affairs Vol 94, No. 379.