Recent Publications

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The Department of Political Science/ International Relations extensively publish academic books, journal articles and reports on a wide range of topics. Faculty publications are linked to their individual profiles and can also be accessed here.

Latest publications

 

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Explaining International Organizations’ Mission Creep: How international Bureaucrats Shape Bioethics
(2017)

 

International Studies Quarterly

Author: Annabelle Littoz-Monnet

  • This article asks how international secretariats can sometimes expand their authority in areas that relate neither to their mandate, nor to their sphere of expert authority. Existing explanations of mission creep assume that IOs act autonomously and expand in those areas that connect with their mandates, sense of organizational mission, and sphere of expert authority. The claim here is that entrepreneurial bureaucrats can succeed—in the absence of policy deadlock among states—in creating creep in unexpected issue domains through the mobilization of external expertise.
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National Policy and Transnational Governance of Climate Change: Substitutes or Complements?
(2017)

 

International Studies Quarterly

Authors: Liliana B. Andonova, Thomas N. Hale, Charles B. Roger

  • Many scholars and policymakers see transnational governance as a substitute for lackluster national and international policies, particularly in the context of intergovernmental gridlock or limited state capacity. The bulk of the literature explains sub- and non-state actors’ participation in transnational initiatives as a product of, on the one hand, micro-level incentives and, on the other, diffusion processes that create and spread normative and market-based pressures. We argue that such theoretical perspectives overlook the dynamic relationship between national policies and transnational governance.
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The Politics of Expertise in International Organizations: How International Bureaucracies Produce and Mobilize Knowledge
(2017)

 

Routledge

Edited by Annabelle Littoz-Monnet

Overview

  • This edited volume advances existing research on the production and use of expert knowledge by international bureaucracies.
  • Given the complexity, technicality and apparent apolitical character of the issues dealt with in global governance arenas, ‘evidence-based’ policy-making has imposed itself as the best way to evaluate the risks and consequences of political action in global arenas. In the absence of alternative, democratic modes of legitimation, international organizations have adopted this approach to policy-making.

 

     

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Bodies Count: the Politics and Practices of War and Violent Death Data
(2017)

 

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal

Author: Keith Krause

  • In discussions of conflict, war and political violence, dead bodies count. Although the politics and practices associated with the collection of violent-death data are seldom subject to critical examination, they are crucial to how scholars and practitioners think about how and why conflict and violence erupt. Knowledge about conflict deaths – the 'who, what, where, when, why and how' – is a form of expertise, created, disseminated and used by different agents. This article highlights the ways in which body counts are deployed as social facts and forms of knowledge that are used to shape and influence policies and practices associated with armed conflict.
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Why Don't Trade Preferences Reflect Economic Self-Interest?
(2017)

 

International Organisation

Authors: Sungmin Rho and Michael Tomz

  • The dominant approach to the study of international political economy assumes that the policy preferences of individuals and groups reflect economic self-interest. Recent research has called this assumption into question by suggesting that voters do not have economically self-interested preferences about trade policy. We investigate one potential explanation for this puzzling finding: economic ignorance. We show that most voters do not understand the economic consequences of protectionism.
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Institutional Authority and Security Cooperation within Regional Economic Organizations
(2017)

 

Journal of Peace Research

Authors: Yoram Haftel, Stephanie Hofmann

  • The proliferation of regional economic organizations (REOs) is a prominent feature of the contemporary international environment. Many of these organizations aspire to promote regional peace and stability. Some strive to promote these goals only through economic cooperation, while others have expanded their mandate to include mechanisms that address security concerns more directly. A glance at the security components of such organizations indicates that their purpose and design are very diverse. This article sheds light on the sources of this poorly understood phenomenon.
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Neoliberalism with a Feminist Face: Crafting a new Hegemony at the World Bank
(2016)

 

Feminist Economics

Author: Elisabeth Prügl

  • Neoliberalism has been discredited as a result of proliferating crises (financial, ecological, care) and mounting inequality. This paper examines the growing research on gender at the World Bank as a site for the construction of a new hegemonic consensus around neoliberalism. Drawing on a computer-assisted inductive analysis of thirty-four Bank publications on gender since 2001, the paper documents Bank efforts to establish a positive relationship between gender equality and growth; shows the expansion of the Bank’s definition of equality as equal opportunity; illustrates how the focus on institutions has enabled engagement with core feminist concerns, such as equality in the family; and traces how incorporating notions of women’s empowerment and agency has made possible a focus on domestic violence.
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The Power of Citizenship: How Inclusion Affects Attitudes on Social Benefits Among Naturalized Citizens and Foreign Residents
(2016)

 

Comparative Politics

Authors: Melanie Kolbe and Markus M. L. Crepaz

  • How do attitudes about welfare eligibility differ among immigrants? More generally,what do we know about immigrants’attitudes about access to welfare compared to those of natives? Are naturalized individuals more discriminating than non-naturalized individuals? If yes, what is the causal logic behind this? Granting or denying the same social rights to immigrants is one of the most contentious issues in modern welfare states. Materializing often in the form of welfare chauvinism, some view welfare services as reserved for natives only, with a clear distinction between “us” and “them.”
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Beyond Trade: The Expanding Scope of the Nontrade Agenda in Trade Agreements
(2016)

 

Journal of Conflict Resolution

Authors: Karolina Milewicz, James Hollway, Claire Peacock and Duncan Snidal

  • Increased complexity and density of transnational problems create unprecedented challenges and opportunities for contemporary international governance. “Issue linkage” is one institutional arrangement through which states address these changing circumstances. In this article, we examine the widening scope of the nontrade agenda in preferential trade agreements (PTAs). Nontrade issues (NTIs) such as human rights, democracy, environment, corruption, and labor standards are increasingly linked to PTAs. This issue linkage has important implications for understanding changing patterns of international trade, including the shift to PTAs and the rise of NTIs.
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The Comparative Politics of Transnational Climate Governance
(2016)

 

International Interactions

Authors: Charles Roger, Thomas Hale and Liliana Andonova

  • We live in an era of remarkable transformations in how governance is supplied at the global level, as traditional means of intergovernmental institutions are being joined by a growing diversity of transnational arrangements.
    Yet, at present, we still have only a superficial understanding of what causes actors to adhere to transnational rules, norms, and initiatives once they appear, and especially what role domestic political, economic and social variables play in their decision making. Focusing on climate change as an issue exemplifying the tendency for complex governance interplay, this special issue provides a comparative political economy perspective on the increasing but uneven uptake of transnational climate governance (TCG).
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Peace and Conflict 2016
(2016)
 

Peace and Conflict
Edited by:  David Backer, Ravinder Bhavnani, Paul Huth

Overview

  • An authoritative source of information on violent conflicts and peacebuilding processes around the world.
  • Peace and Conflict is an annual publication of the University of Maryland’s Center for International Development and Conflict Management and the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies.

 

     

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Targeted Sanctions
(2016)

 

Editors: Thomas Biersteker, Sue Eckert and Marcos Tourinho

Overview

  • This book analyzes two new databases, one qualitative and one quantitative, to assess the different purposes of UN targeted sanctions, the Security Council dynamics behind their design, the relationship of sanctions with other policy instruments, implementation challenges, diverse impacts, unintended consequences, policy effectiveness, and institutional learning within the UN.
  • The book is organized around comparisons across cases, rather than country case studies, and introduces two analytical innovations: case episodes within country sanctions regimes and systematic differentiation among different purposes of sanctions.

 

     

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Towards a New Heuristic Model: Investment Arbitration as a Political System
(2016)

 

Authors: Cédric Dupont and Thomas Schultz
 

  • In this introduction to the Special Issue ‘Empirical Studies on Investment Disputes’, we offer a new heuristic model to structure the thinking about investment arbitration. Investment arbitration is presented here as a political system in a sense inspired by David Easton’s landmark theory: it transforms the input of key actors (namely states, investors, arbitrators and arbitration institutions) into output (namely arbitral awards taken in the aggregate), with feedback loops from output to input, leading to or calling for adjustments or other reactions from these actors. We use this model to review some of the leading existing research and bring together key insights offered by the contributions to the issue.
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