10th Anniversary of the Responsibility to Protect
A Focus on Prevention
Palais des Nations, Geneva
REGISTRATION IS NOW CLOSED
Organised with the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) Core Group in Geneva, the Permanent Missions of Australia, Ghana, Hungary, Nigeria, Rwanda and Uruguay. This event is part of Geneva Peace Week 2015.
Introductory remarks: Michael Møller, Director-General, UN Office at Geneva
Opening video message: Ban Ki-moon, UN Secretary-General
Video message: Zeid Ra’ad Al-Hussein, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
- Jennifer Welsh, Special Adviser to the UN Secretary-General on Responsibility to Protect
- Volker Türk, Assistant High Commissioner for Protection, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
- Davide Rodogno, Professor of International History, The Graduate Institute
- Elisabeth Decrey Warner, Executive President, Geneva Call
- Simon Adams, Executive Director, Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
Other States, civil society and regional organisations to speak from the floor in an interactive dialogue.
This year marks the 10th anniversary of the unanimous endorsement of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) by world leaders at the 2005 UN World Summit. As outlined in the Outcome Document, each State has the responsibility to protect its own population from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity (Pillar 1). This responsibility entails the prevention of such crimes. The international community should, as appropriate, encourage and help States to exercise this responsibility (Pillar 2). In extreme cases where a State is manifestly failing to prevent atrocities, the international community should be prepared to take appropriate collective action in accordance with the UN Charter to halt these crimes (Pillar 3).
The 10th anniversary of the Responsibility to Protect provides a unique opportunity to advance and promote greater cooperation on the implementation of the Responsibility to Protect, particularly its preventive aspects, by Geneva-based organisations. The UN Secretary-General’s reports on the Responsibility to Protect have consistently highlighted the importance of preventing genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity through capacity building, early warning and strengthening accountable and inclusive national institutions. Geneva-based organisations play a crucial role in this regard. Investing in prevention is particularly relevant given the proliferation of humanitarian crises we face today.
On the occasion of the 10th anniversary, and to highlight further the role of Geneva in promoting human rights and preventing atrocity crimes, the Core Group in Geneva, the Permanent Missions of Australia, Ghana, Hungary, Nigeria, Rwanda and Uruguay, with the support of the United Nations Office at Geneva, the Graduate Institute and the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect is pleased to facilitate a high-level panel discussion to bring together senior representatives of both Geneva and New York-based UN agencies, States, regional organisations and civil society. This interactive discussion will identify ways to strengthen cooperation on existing prevention mechanisms, including the UN Framework of Analysis for Atrocity Crimes. The Panel will also explore ways to mainstream the Responsibility to Protect through the work of Geneva-based agencies and organisations and to advance the development and implementation of prevention strategies. Panellists will be invited to discuss how their respective organisations and governments contribute to implementing the Responsibility to Protect, particularly Pillars 1 and 2.