Research Seminar on Economic Aspects of Contemporary Security Challenges (E603)
Mondays, 14.15 - 16.00
This advanced research seminar will examine economic and political aspects of a variety of different contemporary security challenges. Individual student participants will have the opportunity to conduct original empirical research on the political economy of a contemporary security challenge, ranging from conflict financing and the mobilization of financial support from diaspora communities to illicit trafficking (in commodities, persons, or body parts), terrorist financing, and/or on the effectiveness of different measures undertaken at the national, regional and global level to counteract these challenges. Students will have the opportunity to select an issue area, design an original project, receive critical feedback from their peers, and revise their final term papers. The end goal is to produce either a publishable paper or a pilot version of a thesis project.
The first portion of the seminar will begin with an analysis of the changing nature of war and contemporary threats to security, focusing on the transformation from inter-state conflict to internal conflicts and a variety of emerging transnational threats. We will then consider the identification of new security challenges at the beginning of the twenty-first century, from a broadening conceptual agenda to challenges from globalization and other global phenomena.
Next we will explore the activities and operations of transnational criminal organizations, followed by a review of diaspora funding, peace-building, and the remnants of war and international sanctions. The seminar will discuss different forms of trafficking, including drugs, arms, organs, nuclear materials, and the growing trafficking in human beings. The financing of terrorism will also be explored. The group discussion portion of the seminar will conclude with issues associated with the regulatory responses to these contemporary challenges (at the global, regional, and national levels).
The second section of the course will consist of student presentations of draft research papers. Depending on the number of students enrolled in the seminar, one or more students will present drafts of their research papers for critical commentary and constructive suggestions from the other participants in the seminar during each week's seminar. Each paper presentation will be assigned a student discussant to lead off with the discussion of the different research projects. The seminar will conclude with a comparative analysis and discussion of cross-cutting themes and recommendations for future research in the issue domain.
Course Packets: Available at Imprimerie Minute .
18 February: Introduction to the course
No reading assignment
25 February: The Changing Nature of War and Threats to Security
Mary Kaldor, New Wars & Old Wars: Organized Violence in a Global Era , ( Stanford University Press, 2001), Introduction and Chapter 5, pp. 1-12 and 90-111.
John Mueller, The Remnants of War , ( Cornell University Press, 2004), Introduction and Chapter 9, pp. 1-7 and 161-181.
3 March: New Security Challenges
Daniel Deudney , “Environmental Security: A Critique” in Deudney and Matthews (eds.) Contested Grounds: Security and Conflict in the New Environmental Politics (SUNY University Press, 1999), pp. 187-222.
10 March: Transnational Criminal Organizations
Phil Williams, “Transnational Organized Crime and the State,” Chapter 8 in The Emergence of Private Authority in Global Governance , ( Cambridge University Press, 2002), pp. 161-182.
R. T. Naylor, “Towards a General Theory of Profit-Driven Crimes,” British Journal of Criminology , Volume 43 (2003), pp. 81-101.
Moisés Naim, Illicit, (Doubleday, 2005) Chapters 4 and 7, pp. 65-85 and 131-156.
Michael Levi, “Lessons for Countering Terrorist Financing from the War on Serious and Organized Crime,” Chapter 12 in Countering the Financing of Terrorism , (Routledge, 2007), pp. 260-288.
17 March: Diaspora Funding, Peace-building and the Remnants of War
John Mueller, The Remnants of War ( Cornell University press, 2004), Chapter 1, pp. 8-23.
James Cockayne, “State Fragility, Organized Crime, and Peace Operations: Towards an Agenda” Unpublished paper presented at GCSP Conference on Peace Operations and Organized crime, 29/30 November 2007.
31 March: No class
7 April: Trafficking
Rey Koslowski, “Economic Globalization, Human Smuggling, and Global Governance, Chapter 13 in Global Human Smuggling , ( Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001) pp. 337-358.
14 April: Terrorist Financing
Thomas Biersteker and Sue Eckert , Countering the Financing of Terrorism, (Routledge Publishers, 2007), Chapters 1 and 13, pp. 1-16 and 289-304.
R. T. Naylor, Satanic Purses: Money, Myth, and Misinformation in the War on Terror , ( McGill University Press, 2006), Chapters 9 and 10, pp. 137-166.
Loretta Napoleoni, Terror Incorporated: Tracing the Dollars behind the Terror Networks, (Seven Stories press, 2005, Chapter 15, pp. 171-181.
21 April: Global Regulatory Responses
Peter Andreas and Ethan Nadelmann, Policing the Globe: Criminalization and Crime Control in International Relations , ( Oxford University Press, 2006), Chapter 1, pp. 17-58.
Thomas Biersteker, Sue Eckert, and Peter Romaniuk, “International Initiatives to Combat the Financing of Terrorism, Chapter 11 in Countering the Financing of Terrorism (Routledge 2007) pp. 234-259.
Eric Rosand, Alistair Millar, and Jason Ipe, The UN Security Council's Counterterrorism Program: What Lies Ahead? (IPA, October 2007).
Moisés Naim, Illicit , (Doubleday, 2005) Chapter 9, pp. 175-198.
28 April: Student Presentations I
5 May: Student Presentations II
12 May: Student Presentations III
19 May: Student Presentations IV
26 May: Student Presentations V and Concluding Discussion
Additional information and readings of the course are available upon login at the bottom of this page.